Rudnik-Schöneborn S Wagner

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Tumour necrosis factor-alpha, a pro-inflammatory cytokine, is expressed endoneurially following a variety of local and systemic pathophysiological insults which give rise to pain. We administered tumour necrosis factor-alpha to pentobarbital-anaesthetized rats, either topically along a restricted portion of the sciatic nerve or injected subcutaneously(More)
The chronic constriction injury model of mononeuropathy is a direct, partial nerve injury yielding thermal hyperalgesia. The inflammation that results from this injury is believed to contribute importantly to both the neuropathological and behavioral sequelae. This study involved administering a single dose (250 ng) of interleukin-10 (IL-10), an endogenous(More)
The muscles of the pyloric region of the stomach of the crab, Cancer borealis, are innervated by motorneurons found in the stomatogastric ganglion (STG). Electrophysiological recording and stimulating techniques were used to study the detailed pattern of innervation of the pyloric region muscles. Although there are two Pyloric Dilator (PD) motorneurons in(More)
Sciatic cryoneurolysis (SCN) is an experimental rat mononeuropathy model that produces neuropathic behavioral sequelae distinct from other neuropathy models. Following SCN, there is limited autotomy peaking in severity and incidence at 7-14 days and delayed but sustained allodynia appearing at about 21 days, with no evidence of thermal hyperalgesia. This(More)
We investigated the production of tumor necrosis factor alpha, a pleotropic cytokine, in the rat sciatic nerve using immunohistochemistry for the protein and in situ hybridization for specific messenger RNA sequences. Results demonstrated that in the uninjured sciatic nerve, few endothelial cells, fibroblasts, and Schwann cells were immunoreactive for tumor(More)
The inflammatory component of peripheral nerve injury may affect the development of local neuropathologic changes as well as the onset of hyperalgesia, the characteristic features of experimental neuropathic pain states. The goal of this study was to determine whether local sciatic injection of the proinflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha(More)
Experimental inflammatory compression injury to the sciatic nerve (chronic constriction injury, CCI) induces Wallerian degeneration of axons and damages non-neuronal cells at the injury site in association with the development of exaggerated pain-like behavior, or hyperalgesia, to noxious thermal stimuli in the affected anatomical area. We examined whether(More)
Gender differences reported in nociceptive and nerve injury research should be considered before conclusions about basic pathologic mechanisms are drawn. Holtzman male rats are routinely used in the mononeuropathy model produced by a peripheral nerve freeze lesion, sciatic cryoneurolysis (SCN). SCN reproducibly results in abnormal behaviors which include(More)
This study demonstrated that hyperalgesia resulting from an intraneural injection of the cytokine tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) was prevented by preemptive administration of a single dose of the prosaptide TX14(A) (200 microg/kg). TX14(A) is a synthetic 14-mer peptide with neurotrophic and cytoprotective activities. Efforts to elucidate TX14(A)(More)