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The toxicity of purified fumonisin B1 (FB1) administered ip was examined in male Sprague-Dawley rats. FB1 was injected at 7.5 or 10 mg/kg body weight/day for 4 consecutive days. This resulted in significant reductions in body weight, food consumption and faeces production. Polyuria without a compensatory increase in water consumption was observed in treated(More)
In 1991, routine biotoxin monitoring of bivalve molluscs at aquaculture sites along the eastern shore of Nova Scotia, Canada revealed a group of novel seafood toxins called spirolides, whose origin was the dinoflagellate Alexandrium ostenfeldii. Result from this preliminary study in rodents demonstrates a highly toxic lethal response in rats and mice after(More)
Glutamate receptors (GluRs) are ubiquitously present in the central nervous system (CNS) as the major mediators of excitatory neurotransmission and excitotoxicity. Neural injury associated with trauma, stroke, epilepsy, and many neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's, Huntington's, and Parkinson's diseases and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis may be(More)
Toxaphene, which was added to glycerol/corn oil, was administered at a level of 1 mg/kg body weight/day in gelatin capsules to four healthy young adult cynomolgus (Macaca fascicularis) monkeys for 52 weeks. Four control monkeys ingested capsules containing only glycerol/corn oil. Each group had two males and two females. On a daily basis, each monkey's feed(More)
Ketoconazole (KC), an orally effective systemic antifungal agent, has been associated with symptomatic hepatotoxicity with an incidence as low as 1 in 2000. Studies from this laboratory have shown that in the mouse ketoconazole elicit a biphasic effect on drug metabolism and induced phospholipidosis. The pathogenesis of the latter, however, has never been(More)
There is increased acceptance of fortifying habitual foods with plant sterols and their saturated derivatives, stanols, at levels that are considered safe. These sterols and stanols are recognized as potentially effective dietary components for lowering plasma total and LDL cholesterol. Our previous studies have shown that daily consumption of plant sterols(More)
The localization of the glutamate receptor outside of the central nervous system is becoming more evident. These receptors have been implicated in brain function and pathology. It can also be envisioned that they play a vital role in the physiology of other organs and systems. We recently reported the presence of ionotropic glutamate receptors in the rat(More)
Excitatory amino acids (EAA) and glutamate receptors (GluRs) play a fundamental role in the central nervous system (CNS). Ionotropic glutamate receptors (iGluRs) are coupled to ion channels, which are classified according to their most selective agonists. These ligand-gated channels are permeable to Na+, K+, and Ca+. Interaction of EAA receptor is linked to(More)
Previous studies have shown that canola oil (CA), compared with soybean oil (SO), shortens the life span of stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive (SHRSP) rats, a widely used model for hemorrhagic stroke. SHRSP rats are highly sensitive to dietary cholesterol manipulations because a deficiency of membrane cholesterol makes their cell membranes weak and(More)
Fish consumption is the most important source of human exposure to methylmercury (MeHg). Since fish is also a rich source of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, this study was conducted to examine the effects of dietary fats on MeHg-induced acute toxicity in rats. Weanling male Sprague Dawley rats were administered semi-purified casein-based isocaloric diet(More)