Rudi W. Mueller

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Previous studies have shown that canola oil (CA), compared with soybean oil (SO), shortens the life span of stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive (SHRSP) rats, a widely used model for hemorrhagic stroke. SHRSP rats are highly sensitive to dietary cholesterol manipulations because a deficiency of membrane cholesterol makes their cell membranes weak and(More)
The global high prevalence of hypertension and cardiovascular disease has raised concerns regarding the sodium content of the foods which we consume. Over 75% of sodium intake in industrialized diets is likely to come from processed and restaurant foods. Therefore international authorities, such as the World Health Organisation, are encouraging the food(More)
The localization of the glutamate receptor outside of the central nervous system is becoming more evident. These receptors have been implicated in brain function and pathology. It can also be envisioned that they play a vital role in the physiology of other organs and systems. We recently reported the presence of ionotropic glutamate receptors in the rat(More)
Fish consumption is the most important source of human exposure to methylmercury (MeHg). Since fish is also a rich source of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, this study was conducted to examine the effects of dietary fats on MeHg-induced acute toxicity in rats. Weanling male Sprague Dawley rats were administered semi-purified casein-based isocaloric diet(More)
A replication-competent human adenovirus vector in which the rabies virus glycoprotein gene was inserted (AdRG1.3-ONRAB) was given by direct instillation into the oral cavity to representatives of three wildlife vector species of concern in Ontario (red fox, raccoon and striped skunk) and to a variety of non-target wildlife species, domestic and laboratory(More)
Glutamate receptors (GluRs) are ubiquitously present in the central nervous system (CNS) as the major mediators of excitatory neurotransmission and excitotoxicity. Neural injury associated with trauma, stroke, epilepsy, and many neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's, Huntington's, and Parkinson's diseases and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis may be(More)
The toxicity of purified fumonisin B1 (FB1) administered ip was examined in male Sprague-Dawley rats. FB1 was injected at 7.5 or 10 mg/kg body weight/day for 4 consecutive days. This resulted in significant reductions in body weight, food consumption and faeces production. Polyuria without a compensatory increase in water consumption was observed in treated(More)
In 1991, routine biotoxin monitoring of bivalve molluscs at aquaculture sites along the eastern shore of Nova Scotia, Canada revealed a group of novel seafood toxins called spirolides, whose origin was the dinoflagellate Alexandrium ostenfeldii. Result from this preliminary study in rodents demonstrates a highly toxic lethal response in rats and mice after(More)
Ketoconazole (KC), an orally effective systemic antifungal agent, has been associated with symptomatic hepatotoxicity with an incidence as low as 1 in 2000. Studies from this laboratory have shown that in the mouse ketoconazole elicit a biphasic effect on drug metabolism and induced phospholipidosis. The pathogenesis of the latter, however, has never been(More)
Male and female Sprague-Dawley rats were dosed by gavage for 64 days with 0, 0.1 or 5 mg/kg/day domoic acid. Treated animals showed no clinical abnormalities. Terminal values in haematology and clinical chemistry did not reveal differences between treated and control groups. Findings in histopathology and immunohistochemistry were unremarkable. The 24-hr(More)