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Monolayers of colloidal spheres are used as masks in nanosphere lithography (NSL) for the selective deposition of nanostructured layers. Several methods exist for the formation of self-organized particle monolayers, among which spin coating appears to be very promising. However, a spin coating process is defined by several parameters like several ramps,(More)
The biomineralization of otoliths results mainly from the release of soluble Ca(2+), which is in turn precipitated as CaCO(3) crystals. In some Carapidae, sagittae sections have been shown to reveal a three-dimensional asymmetry with a nucleus close to the sulcal side, an unusual position. This study seeks to understand otolith formation in Carapus(More)
Concurrently to research conducted on ordinary Portland cement (PC), new types of binders were developed during the last decades. These are formed by alkali-activation of metakaolin or ground-granulated blast furnace slag (GGBFS) and are named, respectively, geopolymers (GP) or alkali-activated slag (AAS). Four different cementitious materials were(More)
A lamellar mesostructured silica was subjected to a progressive heat treatment in order to study its structural evolution and the characteristics of the resulting calcined powder. By combining informations from several physical methods, i.e. TG-DTA, XRD, TEM and nitrogen adsorption, it has been possible to evidence the formation of very small particles of(More)
The surface modification of lamellar silica prepared by liquid crystal templating has been investigated. Two hydrophilic surface modifier agents, 2-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane and 2-[methoxy(polyethyleneoxy)propyl)]trimethoxysilane, have been tested. Characterizations of the modified silica include thermal analysis, (13)C and (29)Si solid state NMR,(More)
Very uniform and well shaped Mn₃O₄ nano-octahedra are synthesized using a simple hydrothermal method under the help of polyethylene glycol (PEG200) as a reductant and shape-directing agent. The nano-octahedra formation mechanism is monitored. The shape and crystal orientation of the nanoparticles is reconstructed by scanning electron microscopy and electron(More)
Among other applications, magnesium hydroxide is commonly used as a flame-retardant filler in composite materials, as well as a precursor for magnesium oxide refractory ceramic. The microstructure of the powder is of prime importance in both technical applications. The influence of synthesis parameters on the morphological characteristics of magnesium(More)
In some Ophidiiform fishes, the anterior part of the swimbladder is thickened into a hard structure called the “rocker bone”, which is thought to play a role in sound production. Although this structure has been described as cartilage or bone, its nature is still unknown. We have made a thorough analysis of the rocker bone in Ophidion barbatum and compared(More)
1 SUPRATECS, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science B28, University of Liège, Sart-Tilman, B-4000 Liège, Belgium 2 SUPRATECS, Chemistry Institute B6, University of Liège, Sart-Tilman, B-4000 Liège, Belgium 3 CRISMAT-ENSICAEN, CNRS/UMR 6508, 6 Boulevard du Maréchal Juin, F-14050 CAEN Cedex, France 4 SUPRATECS, Physics Institute B5,(More)