Rudi Cloots

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Very uniform and well shaped Mn₃O₄ nano-octahedra are synthesized using a simple hydrothermal method under the help of polyethylene glycol (PEG200) as a reductant and shape-directing agent. The nano-octahedra formation mechanism is monitored. The shape and crystal orientation of the nanoparticles is reconstructed by scanning electron microscopy and electron(More)
The biomineralization of otoliths results mainly from the release of soluble Ca(2+), which is in turn precipitated as CaCO(3) crystals. In some Carapidae, sagittae sections have been shown to reveal a three-dimensional asymmetry with a nucleus close to the sulcal side, an unusual position. This study seeks to understand otolith formation in Carapus(More)
Monolayers of colloidal spheres are used as masks in nanosphere lithography (NSL) for the selective deposition of nanostructured layers. Several methods exist for the formation of self-organized particle monolayers, among which spin coating appears to be very promising. However, a spin coating process is defined by several parameters like several ramps,(More)
Ranking of agents competing with each other in complex systems may lead to paradoxes according to the pre-chosen different measures. A discussion is presented on such rank-rank, similar or not, correlations based on the case of European countries ranked by UEFA and FIFA from different soccer competitions. The first question to be answered is whether an(More)
In some Ophidiiform fishes, the anterior part of the swimbladder is thickened into a hard structure called the "rocker bone", which is thought to play a role in sound production. Although this structure has been described as cartilage or bone, its nature is still unknown. We have made a thorough analysis of the rocker bone in Ophidion barbatum and compared(More)
The surface modification of lamellar silica prepared by liquid crystal templating has been investigated. Two hydrophilic surface modifier agents, 2-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane and 2-[methoxy(polyethyleneoxy)propyl)]trimethoxysilane, have been tested. Characterizations of the modified silica include thermal analysis, (13)C and (29)Si solid state NMR,(More)
1 Abstract Loosely packed granular materials are intensively studied nowadays. Electrical and thermal transport properties should reflect the granular structure as well as intrinsic properties. We have compacted crystalline CaAl based metallic grains and studied the electrical resistivity and the thermoelectric power as a function of temperature (T) from 15(More)
Biocompatible inorganic nano- and microcarriers can be suitable candidates for protein delivery. This study demonstrates facile methods of functionalization by using nanoscale linker molecules to change the protein adsorption capacity of hydroxyapatite (HA) powder. The adsorption capacity of bovine serum albumin as a model protein has been studied with(More)
Although platinum (Pt) is a rare and very expensive material, Pt counter electrodes are still very commonly used for reaching high efficiencies in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs). The use of alternative cheaper catalyst materials did not yet yield equivalent efficiencies. In this work, we tried to understand how to reduce the amount of deposited(More)
We report on the structural, microstructural, and electronic properties of iodine intercalated [Bi0.82CaO2]2[CoO2]1.69 misfit cobaltite. We first prove through a detailed and careful structural study that the block layer structure can be modified in the desired way. Iodine enters the material between the [BiO] double layers, and the c-cell parameter of the(More)