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OBJECTIVES To review the clinical evidence available for the treatment of menopausal symptoms with alternative and complementary medicine. METHODS The MEDLINE, PREMEDLINE and COCHRANE electronic databases for the years 1980-2002 were searched for articles concerning soy products, black cohosh, dong quai, acupuncture, ginseng and evening primrose oil.(More)
Current Food and Drug Administration guidelines for assessing the differences in bioavailability between generic oral contraceptives and brand-name products are inadequate to ensure therapeutic equivalence. The guidelines do not take into account those women who may have blood levels of active ingredients well outside the range of acceptability. Due to the(More)
Presently, the lowest effective estrogen dose available as a combination oral contraceptive (OC) in the United States is 20 microg of ethinyl estradiol (EE) with different progestins. Twenty micrograms of EE coupled with levonorgestrel results in fewer side effects and cycle control comparable with higher-dose pills. Differences between therapeutically(More)
Two cases are reported in which hypersensitivity reactions occurred after intrauterine placement of spermatozoa or embryos. Because the cells were processed and transferred in antibiotic-containing media, these reactions were suspected to be because of penicillin allergy. One patient had no prior penicillin allergy but was found to be penicillin allergic by(More)
Sonographic measurement of cervical length during pregnancy can provide an objective, noninvasive assessment of anatomical shortening associated with premature labor and delivery. One hundred fifty normal women underwent serial sonographic cervical length measurements during uncomplicated pregnancy. The mean cervical length was 52 +/- 12 mm until 34 weeks'(More)
Fourteen men were studied over a period of 10 years before and after bilateral was ligation. Seven men (50%) continued to have demonstrable circulating sperm-agglutinating antibodies, and one man had persistent sperm-immobilizing antibodies at a low titer of 1:2. None of the 10 ejaculates submitted contained spermatozoa or antibody activity, although two of(More)
  • R Ansbacher
  • 2001
In the next decade many women will turn to the medical community for advice on maintaining or improving health after menopause. Estrogen replacement therapy, with or without progestins, alleviates menopausal symptoms, prevents or manages osteoporosis, and reduces the increased cardiovascular disease risk that results from estrogen deficiency caused by(More)