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Environmental enrichment (EE) is a well-established paradigm for studying naturally occurring changes in synaptic efficacy in the hippocampus that underlie experience-induced modulation of learning and memory in rodents. Earlier research on the effects of EE on hippocampal plasticity focused on long-term potentiation (LTP). Whereas many of these studies(More)
The extracellular matrix (ECM) provides structural and biochemical signals that regulate cell function. A well-controlled balance between cells and surroundings (i.e., dynamic reciprocity) is crucial for regulating ECM architecture. During cancer progression, epithelial cells undergo genetic alterations which, together with stromal changes including ECM(More)
Docetaxel has always attracted the researchers owing to its promises and challenges. Despite marked efficacy, concerns like poor aqueous solubility, lower bioavailability, poor tissue penetration and dose related side-effects offer further scope of research on docetaxel. The present study aims to explore the potential of C60-fullerenes in the delivery of(More)
Differences in behavioral roles, anatomical connectivity, and gene expression patterns in the dorsal, intermediate, and ventral regions of the hippocampus are well characterized. Relatively fewer studies have, however, focused on comparing the physiological properties of neurons located at different dorsoventral extents of the hippocampus. Recently, we(More)
Docetaxel is one of the promising drugs and employed for the management of variety of cancers. However, challenges like poor-bioavailability, low tissue-permeability, compromised aqueous solubility and dose-dependent side-effects limit its clinical applications. Whereas, PLGA-based polymeric micelles possess the ability to enhance the tissue permeability of(More)
Human keratinocytes have the capacity to synthesize catecholamines from L-tyrosine, which in turn is produced from L-phenylalanine via phenylalanine hydroxylase. This enzyme activity is controlled by the supply of the essential cofactor/electron donor (6R)5,6,7,8 tetrahydrobiopterin (6-BH4). Undifferentiated keratinocytes express high levels of the(More)
Hippocampal pyramidal neurons express an intraneuronal map of spectral tuning mediated by hyperpolarization-activated cyclic-nucleotide-gated nonspecific-cation channels. Modeling studies have predicted a critical regulatory role for A-type potassium (KA) channels towards augmenting functional robustness of this map. To test this, we performed patch-clamp(More)
Abnormal proteolysis is often observed during disease progression. Up-regulation of certain tumor-associated proteases such as urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) can be a hallmark of malignant transformation. Here we report the design and synthesis of a near-infrared nanofiber precursor (NIR-NFP) for detecting uPA activity. NIR-NFP, which is optically(More)
Studies comparing neuronal activity at the dorsal and ventral poles of the hippocampus have shown that the scale of spatial information increases and the precision with which space is represented declines from the dorsal to ventral end. These dorsoventral differences in neuronal output and spatial representation could arise due to differences in(More)
Visceral leishmaniasis affects people from 70 countries worldwide, mostly from Indian, African and south American continent. The increasing resistance to antimonial, miltefosine and frequent toxicity of amphotericin B drives an urgent need to develop an antileishmanial drug with excellent efficacy and safety profile. In this study we have docked series of(More)