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The structure of class I N-deoxyribosyltransferase from Lactobacillus helveticus was determined by X-ray crystallography. Unlike class II N-deoxyribosyltransferases, which accept either purine or pyrimidine deoxynucleosides, class I enzymes are specific for purines as both the donor and acceptor base. Both class I and class II enzymes are highly specific(More)
FoxO transcription factors regulate the transcription of genes that control metabolism, cellular proliferation, stress tolerance, and possibly life span. A number of posttranslational modifications within the forkhead DNA-binding domain regulate FoxO-mediated transcription. We describe the crystal structures of FoxO1 bound to three different DNA elements(More)
The discovery of histone-demethylating enzymes has revealed yet another reversible histone modification mark. In this review, we describe the structural and chemical insights that we have now derived underlying the activity of these enzymes. The recent co-crystal structures of LSD1 bound to a proparylamine-derivatized histone H3 peptide and JHDM structures(More)
Oxalate decarboxylase is a manganese-dependent enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of oxalate to formate and carbon dioxide. We have determined the structure of oxalate decarboxylase from Bacillus subtilis at 1.75 A resolution in the presence of formate. The structure reveals a hexamer with 32-point symmetry in which each monomer belongs to the cupin(More)
Formylglycinamide ribonucleotide amidotransferase (FGAR-AT) catalyzes the ATP-dependent conversion of formylglycinamide ribonucleotide (FGAR) and glutamine to formylglycinamidine ribonucleotide (FGAM), ADP, P(i), and glutamate in the fourth step of the purine biosynthetic pathway. In eukaryotes and Gram-negative bacteria, FGAR-AT is encoded by the purL gene(More)
The MST1 kinase phosphorylates FoxO transcription factors in the cytosol and histone H2B in the nucleus to promote cellular apoptosis. In addition to a N-terminal kinase domain, MST1 contains C-terminal regulatory and dimerization regions that are cleaved upon nuclear transport. In this report, we investigate the role of the MST1 regulatory region and(More)
Phenol and its derivatives are common pollutants that are present in industrial discharge and are major xenobiotics that lead to water pollution. To monitor as well as improve water quality, attempts have been made in the past to engineer bacterial in vivo biosensors. However, due to the paucity of structural information, there is insufficiency in gauging(More)
The lesion traditionally known as odontogenic keratocyst has been renamed by WHO in 2005, as “keratocystic odontogenic tumor” as it is more appropriate and reflects its potential for local, destructive behavior. It is a benign intraosseous neoplasm of jaw, which is unusual due to its characteristic histopathological and clinical features, including(More)
Mammalian sterile 20 (MST1) kinase, a member of the sterile 20 (Ste-20) family of proteins, is a proapoptotic cytosolic kinase that plays an important role in the cellular response to oxidative stress. In this study, we report on the development of a potent and selective MST1 kinase inhibitor based on a ruthenium half-sandwich scaffold. We show that the(More)
Formylglycinamide ribonucleotide amidotransferase (FGAR-AT) catalyzes the ATP-dependent synthesis of formylglycinamidine ribonucleotide (FGAM) from formylglycinamide ribonucleotide (FGAR) and glutamine in the fourth step of the purine biosynthetic pathway. FGAR-AT is encoded by the purL gene. Two types of PurL have been detected. The first type, found in(More)