Rucha Karnik

Learn More
SNARE (soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor protein attachment protein receptor) proteins drive vesicle traffic, delivering membrane and cargo to target sites within the cell and at its surface. They contribute to cell homeostasis, morphogenesis, and pathogen defense. A subset of SNAREs, including the Arabidopsis thaliana SNARE SYP121, are known also(More)
Stomata account for much of the 70% of global water usage associated with agriculture and have a profound impact on the water and carbon cycles of the world. Stomata have long been modeled mathematically, but until now, no systems analysis of a plant cell has yielded detail sufficient to guide phenotypic and mutational analysis. Here, we demonstrate the(More)
Growth in plants depends on ion transport for osmotic solute uptake and secretory membrane trafficking to deliver material for wall remodelling and cell expansion. The coordination of these processes lies at the heart of the question, unresolved for more than a century, of how plants regulate cell volume and turgor. Here we report that the SNARE protein(More)
Over the past decades site-directed mutagenesis (SDM) has become an indispensable tool for biological structure-function studies. In principle, SDM uses modified primer pairs in a PCR reaction to introduce a mutation in a cDNA insert. DpnI digestion of the reaction mixture is used to eliminate template copies before amplification in E. coli; however, this(More)
The Arabidopsis thaliana Qa-SNARE SYP121 (=SYR1/PEN1) drives vesicle traffic at the plasma membrane of cells throughout the vegetative plant. It facilitates responses to drought, to the water stress hormone abscisic acid, and to pathogen attack, and it is essential for recovery from so-called programmed stomatal closure. How SYP121-mediated traffic is(More)
The ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channel controls insulin secretion by coupling glucose metabolism to excitability of the pancreatic beta-cell membrane. The channel comprises four subunits each of Kir6.2 and the sulphonylurea receptor (SUR1), encoded by KCNJ11 and ABCC8, respectively. Mutations in these genes that result in reduced activity or(More)
The Kv-like (potassium voltage-dependent) K(+) channels at the plasma membrane, including the inward-rectifying KAT1 K(+) channel of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana), are important targets for manipulating K(+) homeostasis in plants. Gating modification, especially, has been identified as a promising means by which to engineer plants with improved(More)
Laboratory of Plant Physiology and Biophysics, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, United Kingdom (C.L., R.K., A.H., P.V.G., C.G., M.R.B.); Centro de Bioinformatica y Simulacion Molecular, Universidad de Talca, Casilla 721, Talca, Chile (J.R., T.P., W.G.); University of Potsdam, Biochemistry and Biology Group BPMBP, D14476 Golm, Germany (J.R., I.D.,(More)
Blood cells under a variety of conditions produce cytokines which regulate their proliferation, communication and functioning. The granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is a hematopoietic growth factor mainly responsible for the proliferation of granulocyte-s and macrophages. It is a molecule of immense therapeutic interest due to its(More)
SNARE (soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor) proteins drive vesicle fusion in all eukaryotes and contribute to homeostasis, pathogen defense, cell expansion, and growth in plants. Two homologous SNAREs, SYP121 (=SYR1/PEN1) and SYP122, dominate secretory traffic to the Arabidopsis thaliana plasma membrane. Although these(More)