Learn More
Mammalian oocytes are arrested in prophase of the first meiotic division. Progression into the first meiotic division is driven by an increase in the activity of maturation-promoting factor (MPF). In mouse oocytes, we find that early mitotic inhibitor 1 (Emi1), an inhibitor of the anaphase-promoting complex (APC) that is responsible for cyclin B destruction(More)
In the preovulatory ovarian follicle, mammalian oocytes are maintained in prophase meiotic arrest until the luteinizing hormone (LH) surge induces reentry into the first meiotic division. Dramatic changes in the somatic cells surrounding the oocytes and in the follicular wall are also induced by LH and are necessary for ovulation. Here, we provide genetic(More)
In mammalian and amphibian oocytes, the meiotic arrest at the G2/M transition is dependent on cAMP regulation. Because genetic inactivation of a phosphodiesterase expressed in oocytes prevents reentry into the cell cycle, suggesting autonomous cAMP synthesis, we investigated the presence and properties of the G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) in rodent(More)
In most species, the meiotic cell cycle is arrested at the transition between prophase and metaphase through unclear somatic signals. Activation of the Cdc2-kinase component of maturation promoting factor (MPF) triggers germinal vesicle breakdown after the luteinizing hormone (LH) surge and reentry into the meiotic cell cycle. Although high levels of cAMP(More)
In addition to gonadotropins, many ovarian paracrine factors are crucial for optimal follicle rupture, oocyte maturation, and luteinization. Based on DNA microarray analyses, we found that transcripts for the fibroblast growth factor-inducible-14 (Fn14) receptor are increased after LH/human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) treatment of gonadotropin-primed(More)
5-Fluoroanthranilic acid (FAA)-resistant mutants were selected in homothallic diploids of three Saccharomyces species, taking care to isolate mutants of independent origin. Mutations were assigned to complementation groups by interspecific complementation with S. cerevisiae tester strains. In all three species, trp3, trp4 and trp5 mutants were recovered.(More)
We have carried out a theoretical analysis of the possible performance of single-electron transistors with capacitive coupling in simple logic and memory circuits. Both resistively loaded and. complementary transistors have been analyzed, with a detailed account of parasitic factors including thermal fluctuations and background charge variations. The(More)
Datafrom the Pioneer Venus ion mass spectrometers are compared with model calculations of the ion density distributions appropriate for daytime conditions. The model assumes diffusive equilibrium upper boundary conditions for the major ions (O(2)(+), O(+), CO(2)(+), He(+), and H(+)); the agreement between the calculated and measured gross behavior of these(More)
  • 1