Rubens López

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Streptococcus pneumoniae colonizes the human upper respiratory tract, and this asymptomatic colonization is known to precede pneumococcal disease. In this report, chemically defined and semisynthetic media were used to identify the initial steps of biofilm formation by pneumococcus during growth on abiotic surfaces such as polystyrene or glass.(More)
Total heavy metal concentrations were determined in soil samples of seven selected areas along the Guadiamar river valley affected by the toxic flood, after removal of the deposited sludge. Mean total concentrations of nine elements (As, Au, Bi, Cd, Cu, Pb, Sb, Tl and Zn) out of the 23 (As, Au, Ba, Be, Bi, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, In, Mn, Mo, Ni, Pb, Sb, Sc, Sn, Th,(More)
Streptococcus pneumoniae has re-emerged as a major cause of morbidity and mortality throughout the world and its continuous increase in antimicrobial resistance is rapidly becoming a leading cause of concern for public health. This review is focussed on the analysis of recent insights on the study of capsular polysaccharide biosynthesis, and cell wall(More)
A biochemical approach to identify proteins with high affinity for choline-containing pneumococcal cell walls has allowed the localization, cloning and sequencing of a gene (lytC ) coding for a protein that degrades the cell walls of Streptococcus pneumoniae. The lytC gene is 1506 bp long and encodes a protein (LytC) of 501 amino acid residues with a(More)
OBJECTIVES Phage-coded lysins, i.e. murein hydrolases, are enzymes that destroy the cell wall of bacteria. A rapid killing of Streptococcus pneumoniae in the nasopharynx of mice has been described recently using a phage-coded murein hydrolase (enzybiotic). The in vivo effects of a dose-ranging treatment, using either of the phage-coded lytic enzymes Cpl-1(More)
Choline binding proteins are virulence determinants present in several Gram-positive bacteria. Because anchorage of these proteins to the cell wall through their choline binding domain is essential for bacterial virulence, their release from the cell surface is considered a powerful target for a weapon against these pathogens. The first crystal structure of(More)
The genome of MM1 (40,248 bp), a temperate bacteriophage from the Spain(23F)-1 multiresistant epidemic clone of Streptococcus pneumoniae, is organized in 53 open reading frames (ORFs) and in at least five functional clusters. Bioinformatic and N-terminal amino acid sequence analyses enabled the assignment of possible functions to 26 ORFs. Analyses comparing(More)
Using data collected at the Pierre Auger Observatory during the past 3.7 years, we demonstrated a correlation between the arrival directions of cosmic rays with energy above 6 x 10(19) electron volts and the positions of active galactic nuclei (AGN) lying within approximately 75 megaparsecs. We rejected the hypothesis of an isotropic distribution of these(More)
The first mutant of Streptococcus pneumoniae showing a complete deletion in the lytA gene coding for the N-acetylmuramyl-L-alanine amidase has been isolated and characterized. This amidase was previously the only autolysin detected in this species. This mutant shows a normal growth rate and can be transformed using either chromosomal or plasmid DNA. The(More)
Autolysins are enzymes that have several important biological functions and also seem to be responsible for the irreversible effects induced by the beta-lactam antibiotics. The pneumococcal autolysin gene (lyt) has been subcloned from the plasmid pGL30 [García et al., Mol. Gen. Genet. 201 (1985) 225-230] and we have found that the E form of the autolysin is(More)