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The galU gene of Streptococcus pneumoniae has been cloned and sequenced. Escherichia coli cells harboring the recombinant plasmid pMMG2 (galU) overproduced a protein that has been shown to correspond to a uridine 5'-triphosphate:glucose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase (uridine diphosphoglucose [UDP-Glc] pyrophosphorylase) responsible for the synthesis of(More)
Streptococcus pneumoniae is an important human pathogen that has an absolute nutritional requirement for choline. Replacement of this amino alcohol in a synthetic medium by structural analogues, such as ethanolamine (EA cells), leads to alterations in several physiological properties including cell separation (Tomasz, 1968, Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 59:(More)
Using data collected at the Pierre Auger Observatory during the past 3.7 years, we demonstrated a correlation between the arrival directions of cosmic rays with energy above 6 x 10(19) electron volts and the positions of active galactic nuclei (AGN) lying within approximately 75 megaparsecs. We rejected the hypothesis of an isotropic distribution of these(More)
Streptococcus pneumoniae has re-emerged as a major cause of morbidity and mortality throughout the world and its continuous increase in antimicrobial resistance is rapidly becoming a leading cause of concern for public health. This review is focussed on the analysis of recent insights on the study of capsular polysaccharide biosynthesis, and cell wall(More)
The gene pcpA that encodes a novel pneumococcal choline-binding protein has been cloned and characterized. Northern blot analysis revealed that pcpA is expressed during the exponential phase of growth of pneumococci as a monocistronic transcript of about 2.3 kb. The transcription start site has been located 132 bp upstream of the start codon and the(More)
The DNA region encoding the mature form of a pneumococcal murein hydrolase (LytB) was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. LytB was purified by affinity chromatography, and its activity was suggested to be the first identified endo-beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase of Streptococcus pneumoniae. LytB can remove a maximum of only 25% of the radioactivity from(More)
The molecular aspects of the type 37 pneumococcal capsular biosynthesis, a homopolysaccharide composed of sophorosyl units (beta-d-Glc-(1-->2)-beta-d-Glc) linked by beta-1,3 bonds, have been studied. Remarkably, the biosynthesis of the type 37 capsule is driven by a single gene (tts) located far apart from the cap locus responsible for capsular formation in(More)
The nucleotide sequences of the lytA gene from 29 pneumococcal isolates of various serotypes and 22 additional streptococci of the mitis group (including two Streptococcus pseudopneumoniae strains) have been compared and found to correspond to 19 typical (927-bp-long) and 20 atypical (921-bp-long) alleles. All the Streptococcus pneumoniae strains harbored(More)
The cap3B gene, which is involved in the formation of the capsule of Streptococcus pneumoniae type 3, encodes a 49-kD protein that has been identified as a polysaccharide synthase. Escherichia coli cells harboring the recombinant plasmid pTBP3 (cap3B) produced pneumococcal type 3 polysaccharide, as demonstrated by immunological tests. Biochemical and cell(More)
The autolytic LytA amidase from 12 bile (deoxycholate)-insoluble streptococcal isolates (formerly classified as atypical Streptococcus pneumoniae) showing different antibiotic resistance patterns was studied. These atypical strains, which autolyze at the end of the stationary phase of growth, contain highly divergent lytA alleles (pairwise evolutionary(More)