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Patients with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) frequently harbour chromosome rearrangements and segmental aneuploidies, which allow us to identify candidate genes. In a boy with mild facial dysmorphisms, speech delay and ASD, we reconstructed by karyotyping, FISH and SNP array-based segmental aneuploidy profiling a highly complex chromosomal rearrangement(More)
Several lines of evidence, including expression analyses, brain imaging and genetic studies suggest that the integrity of myelin is disturbed in schizophrenia patients. In this study, we first reconstructed a pathway of 138 myelin-related genes, all involved in myelin structure, composition, development or maintenance. Then we performed a two-stage(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Approximately 2% of the general population harbor intracranial aneurysms. The prognosis after rupture of an intracranial aneurysm is poor; 50% of the patients die as a result of the rupture. Familial occurrence of intracranial aneurysms suggests there are genetic factors involved in the development of such aneurysms. METHODS A(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease selectively affecting motor neurons in the brain and spinal cord. Recent genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have identified several common variants which increase disease susceptibility. In contrast, rare copy-number variants (CNVs), which have been associated with several(More)
Most human cancers show genetic instabilities leading to allelic imbalances, including loss of heterozygosity (LOH). Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) arrays can be used to detect LOH. Currently, these arrays require intact genomic DNA as obtained from frozen tissue; however, for most cancer cases, only low-quality DNA from formalin-fixed,(More)
Intracranial aneurysm is probably a complex disease with both genetic and non-genetic or environmental risk factors contributing to the etiology of the disease. A disruption of the extracellular matrix (ECM) of the arterial wall is a likely factor in the pathogenesis of intracranial aneurysms. We analyzed 44 potential candidate genes involved in the(More)
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) are the ideal markers for high-density genome wide mapping. A total of 327,000 expressed sequence tag (EST) sequences, obtained from the ChickEST project, were examined for the presence of SNP. A total of 32,268 potential chicken SNP were identified and stored in a customized Microsoft Access database and evaluated in(More)
BACKGROUND Many genes are candidates for involvement in epileptic encephalopathy (EE) because one or a few possibly pathogenic variants have been found in patients, but insufficient genetic or functional evidence exists for a definite annotation. METHODS To increase the number of validated EE genes, we sequenced 26 known and 351 candidate genes for EE in(More)
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