Ruben S. G. M. Witlox

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OBJECTIVES To evaluate mask technique during simulated neonatal resuscitation and test the effectiveness of training in optimal mask handling. STUDY DESIGN Seventy participants(consultants, registrars and nurses) from neonatal units were asked to administer positive pressure ventilation at a flow of 8 l/min and a frequency of 40-60/min to a modified leak(More)
Congenital lung lesions, mostly congenital cystic adenomatoid malformations (CCAMs) and bronchopulmonary sequestrations (BPSs), are uncommon disorders. Prenatal intervention in severely affected (hydropic) fetuses has drastically improved perinatal survival. Not much is known, however, on the short-term and long-term respiratory and neurodevelopmental(More)
This study compares the methods of Dunn and Shukla in determining the appropriate insertion length of umbilical catheters. In July 2007, we changed our policy for umbilical catheter insertions from the method of Dunn to the method of Shukla. We report our percentage of inaccurate placement of umbilical-vein catheters (UVCs) and umbilical-artery catheters(More)
BACKGROUND Neonatal resuscitation guidelines do not specify the gas flow rate during mask ventilation. AIM Investigating the effect of gas flow rates on pressures, volumes delivered and mask leak. METHODS Flow 5 and 10 liters/min were tested. In study part 1, pressure ranges were measured when ventilating an intubated manikin with a Neopuff®. In study(More)
BACKGROUND International neonatal resuscitation guidelines recommend assessing chest excursion when the heart rate is not improving. However, the accuracy in assessing 'adequate' chest excursion lacks objectivity. AIM It was the aim of this study to test the accuracy in the assessment of 'adequate' chest excursion by measuring intra- and inter-observer(More)
The widespread availability of high resolution ultrasound equipment and almost universal routine anatomy scanning in all pregnant women in the developed world has lead to increased detection of abnormalities in the fetal thorax. Already in the 1980s, large pleural effusions and significant macrocystic lesions in the fetus were easily detected on ultrasound.(More)
Neonatal resuscitation is one of the most frequently performed procedures, and it is often successful if the ventilation applied is adequate. Over the last decade, interest in seeking objectivity in evaluating the infant's condition at birth or the adequacy and effect of the interventions applied has markedly increased. Clinical parameters such as heart(More)
Bronchopulmonary sequestration (BPS) is sometimes associated with hydrothorax and hydrops in utero. In the absence of fetal hydrops, perinatal outcome is favorable and justifies expectant management. In the presence of fetal hydrops, perinatal outcome is reported to be extremely poor and intervention should be considered. Therapeutic options include open(More)
Velamentous cord insertion and vasa previa occur more frequently in monochorionic twin pregnancies than in singleton pregnancies. Both have been linked with poor perinatal outcome due to the increased risk of rupture of the velamentous vessels. We present a case of acute fetal distress in 2 fetuses in a monochorionic twin pregnancy caused by ruptured vasa(More)
BackgroundCaffeine promotes spontaneous breathing by antagonizing adenosine. We assessed the direct effect of caffeine on respiratory effort in preterm infants at birth.MethodsThirty infants of 24-30 weeks of gestation were randomized for receiving caffeine directly after birth in the delivery room (caffeine DR group) or later in the neonatal intensive care(More)