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Two-dimensional non-equilibrium pH gel electrophoresis (2D-NEPHGE) analysis was used to evaluate the effects of dietary protein depletion on the protein composition of mouse liver cytosol. Analysing the cytosol from both normal and protein depleted liver, the position in gels of more than three hundred protein spots was determined. After 5 days of protein(More)
The contents of glutathione S-transferase (GST) subunits, carbonic anhydrase III (CAIII), glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) and a 230 kDa protein are affected by protein deprivation in mouse liver. In order to know if particular amino acids control these contents, the effects of feeding for 5 days with diets containing different amino acids(More)
The content of liver cytosolic proteins was studied in mice subjected to protein depletion followed by refeeding with a normal diet. Depletion elicited either the accumulation or the decrease of several polypeptides, being the early increase of a Mr 36 000 polypeptide the most pronounced change observed. The refeeding with a normal diet for 2 days caused a(More)
A protein resistant to heat and proteolysis that inhibits serine proteases was isolated from wheat leaf apoplasts. Based on trypsin inhibition, its more active form was a 66-69 kDa oligomer. It was dissociated in an 18-21 kDa monomer having an amino terminal sequence identical to the Box A of germins and germin-like proteins. Like these proteins, it was(More)
Plants respond to pathogen infection and environmental stress by regulating the coordinate expression of many stress-related genes. In plants, the expression of the glycolytic enzyme glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) is induced under environmental stress. This work was aimed at investigating whether the expression pattern of cytosolic GAPDH(More)
The effect of protein depletion followed by refeeding with a normal diet on the content of mouse liver cytosolic proteins was studied. By peptide-mass fingerprinting and N-terminal sequencing, three polypeptides whose contents changed with dietary protein level were identified as glutathione S-transferases (GST) Yb1, Yc and Yf subunits. Five days of(More)
The in vivo radioactivity decay of glutathione S-transferase (GST) was observed in livers of normal-fed (N), protein-depleted (D), and re-fed mice (R), labelled with [35S]methionine. Half-lives in days at N, D and R, respectively, were: total GST, 1.7, 1.4, 4.3; Yb1-subunit, 2.0, 1.8, 3.3; Yc-subunit, 2.4, 1.0, 4.2; Yf-subunit, 1. 1, 2.1, 5.0. These(More)
Fractional rates of synthesis and degradation of liver porteins were estimated during the rapid restoration of liver mass observed in protein-depleted mice when they are fed with an adequate diet. 1. Net protein gain was fastest 12h after the nutritional shift, when it reached a rate of 48% per day. 2. The RNA/protein ratio in livers of protein-depleted(More)
The effect of frequent protein malnutrition on liver function has not been intensively examined. Thus, the effects of alternating 5 days of a protein and amino acid-free diet followed by 5 days of a complete diet repeated three times (3 PFD-CD) on female mouse liver were examined. The expression of carbonic anhydrase III (CAIII), fatty acid synthase (FAS),(More)
Ubiquitin, a protein widely conserved in eukaryotes, is involved in many cellular processes, including proteolysis. While sequences encoding ubiquitin-like proteins have not been identified in prokaryotic genomes sequenced so far, they have revealed the presence of structural and functional homologs of ubiquitin in Bacteria and Archaea. This work describes(More)