Rubem Mário Figueiró Vargas

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The aerial parts of Hypericum polyanthemum Klotzsch ex Reichardt (Guttiferae) were successively extracted with supercritical carbon dioxide (SC CO(2)) under pressures of 90, 120, 150 and 200 bar at different temperatures (40, 50 and 60 degrees C), and compared with the n-hexane extract obtained by ultrasound-assisted extraction. The samples obtained were(More)
The aerial parts of Hypericum carinatum (Guttiferae) were extracted with supercritical carbon dioxide under constant temperature (40, 50 or 60°C) and gradual pressure increase (90, 120, 150 and 200 bar) aiming at the recovery of enriched fractions containing uliginosin B, cariphenone A and cariphenone B, compounds of pharmaceutical interest. The yields of(More)
The anti-Trichomonas vaginalis activity of Hypericum polyanthemum extract obtained by supercritical fluid extraction (50°C, 150bar) and the chemical compounds isolated and purified from this extract (benzopyrans HP1, HP2, HP3, and phloroglucinol derivative uliginosin B) were assessed. All samples had anti-T. vaginalis activity; however, HP1 demonstrated the(More)
The antidepressant-like effect of a supercritical CO2 (SCCO2) Valeriana glechomifolia extract enriched in valepotriates was investigated in a mice tail suspension test (TST) and forced swimming test (FST). The SCCO2 extract decreased mice immobility in the FST (0.5-20 mg/kg p.o.) and elicited a biphasic dose-response relationship in the TST (1-20 mg/kg(More)
INTRODUCTION Valepotriates (epoxy iridoid esters) represent an important group of constituents that contribute to pharmacological effects for the genus Valeriana. Storage and extraction of valepotriates is a demanding task, as these compounds are thermolabile and unstable: even when decomposition products are not formed, isovaleric acid liberation from the(More)
Essential oils are natural substances composed of terpenoids and phenylpropanoid molecules that have many biological activities. Because of their activity, essential oils are widely used in foods, cosmetics, and pharmaceutical products, but new applications of such mixtures are still dependent on separation processes that are able to produce compounds with(More)
Diene valepotriates obtained from Valeriana glechomifolia present antidepressant-like activity, mediated by dopaminergic and noradrenergic neurotransmissions. Also, previous studies have shown inhibitory activity of diene valepotriates towards Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase from the rat brain in vitro. Nevertheless, in vivo studies regarding the action of diene(More)
In this study we evaluated the effect of a pressure gradient (1-2 atm) in the extraction and composition of the essential oil (EO) of Piper hispidinervum by steam distillation. We also evaluated the insect antifeedant effects (Spodoptera littoralis, Leptinotarsa decemlineata, Myzus persicae and Rhopalosiphum padi) and nematicidal activity (Meloidogyne(More)
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