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BACKGROUND The Every Newborn Action Plan (ENAP), launched in 2014, aims to end preventable newborn deaths and stillbirths, with national targets of ≤12 neonatal deaths per 1000 live births and ≤12 stillbirths per 1000 total births by 2030. This requires ambitious improvement of the data on care at birth and of small and sick newborns, particularly to track(More)
BACKGROUND In 2013, an estimated 2.8 million newborns died and 2.7 million were stillborn. A much greater number suffer from long term impairment associated with preterm birth, intrauterine growth restriction, congenital anomalies, and perinatal or infectious causes. With the approaching deadline for the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals(More)
INTRODUCTION Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are an essential part of modern healthcare. Marked increases in clinical demand for these imaging modalities are straining healthcare expenditure and threatening health system sustainability. The number of CT and MRI scans requested in the Eden and Central Karoo districts of the(More)
Variceal bleeding accounts for 70% of upper gastrointestinal bleeding episodes in patients with portal hypertension. 1 It significantly influences the natural history of compensated alcgaoholic cirrhosis because a quarter of initial bleeding episodes are fatal, and as many as 70% of survivors, if inadequately treated, have recurrent variceal bleeding. 2(More)
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