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Traumatic injury/hemorrhagic shock (T/HS) elicits an acute inflammatory response that may result in death. Inflammation describes a coordinated series of molecular, cellular, tissue, organ, and systemic responses that drive the pathology of various diseases including T/HS and traumatic brain injury (TBI). Inflammation is a finely tuned, dynamic,(More)
We describe a new preservation modality combining machine perfusion (MP) at subnormothermic conditions(21 °C) with a new hemoglobin-based oxygen carrier (HBOC) solution. MP (n=6) was compared to cold static preservation (CSP; n=6) in porcine orthotopic liver transplants after 9 h of cold ischemia and 5-day follow-up. Recipients' peripheral blood, serial(More)
BACKGROUND Complex biological processes such as acute inflammation induced by trauma/hemorrhagic shock/ (T/HS) are dynamic and multi-dimensional. We utilized multiplexing cytokine analysis coupled with data-driven modeling to gain a systems perspective into T/HS. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Mice were subjected to surgical cannulation trauma (ST) ±(More)
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the most common and lethal disease that affects the gastrointestinal (GI) tract of the premature infant. The etiology of NEC remains undefined. The only consistent epidemiological precursors for NEC are prematurity and enteral alimentation. Various inflammatory mediators, including tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-a,(More)
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a disease of neonates that is increasing in incidence and often results in significant morbidity and mortality. Carbon monoxide (CO), a byproduct of the catabolism of heme, is known to have anti-inflammatory and antiapoptotic properties. In this study, we aimed to demonstrate that inhaled CO protects against the(More)
We combined in silico, in vivo, and in vitro studies to gain insights into age-dependent changes in acute inflammation in response to bacterial endotoxin (LPS). Time-course cytokine, chemokine, and NO2 (-/)NO3 (-) data from "middle-aged" (6-8 months old) C57BL/6 mice were used to re-parameterize a mechanistic mathematical model of acute inflammation(More)
BACKGROUND Trauma/hemorrhagic shock (T/HS) results in cytokine-mediated acute inflammation that is generally considered detrimental. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Paradoxically, plasma levels of the early inflammatory cytokine TNF-alpha (but not IL-6, IL-10, or NO(2) (-)/NO(3) (-)) were significantly elevated within 6 h post-admission in 19 human trauma(More)
BACKGROUND The receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) has been suggested to modulate lung injury in models of acute pulmonary inflammation. To study this further, model systems utilizing wild type and RAGE knockout (KO) mice were used to determine the role of RAGE signaling in lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and E. coli induced acute pulmonary(More)
The anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-10 suppresses inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS); therefore, NO production should increase in the absence of IL-10. Production of NO (as nitrite) by bronchoalveolar lavage cells of IL-10 knockout ((-/-)) mice was assessed after ovalbumin sensitization and airway challenge (S/C) and was compared with the(More)