Rubén Zamora

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Nitric oxide (NO) is a multi-faceted molecule with dichotomous regulatory roles in many areas of biology. The complexity of its biological effects is a consequence of its numerous potential interactions with other molecules such as reactive oxygen species (ROS), metal ions, and proteins. The effects of NO are modulated by both direct and indirect(More)
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), a severe intestinal inflammation in neonates, occurs following bacterial colonization of the gut. LPS-induced production of inflammatory factors in immature enterocytes may be a factor in NEC. Previously, we described LPS-induced p38 MAPK-dependent expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in rat IEC-6 cells. In this study, we(More)
Carbon monoxide (CO) has recently emerged as having potent cytoprotective properties; the mechanisms underlying these effects, however, are just beginning to be elucidated. In a rat model of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced multiorgan failure, we demonstrate that exposure to a low concentration of CO for only 1 h imparts a potent defense against lethal(More)
Traumatic injury/hemorrhagic shock (T/HS) elicits an acute inflammatory response that may result in death. Inflammation describes a coordinated series of molecular, cellular, tissue, organ, and systemic responses that drive the pathology of various diseases including T/HS and traumatic brain injury (TBI). Inflammation is a finely tuned, dynamic,(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is a colorless gas at room temperature and one of the simplest molecules known, yet it has been implicated in a wide variety of regulatory mechanisms ranging from vasodilatation and blood pressure control to neurotransmission. It is also involved in nonspecific immunity and participates in the complex mechanism of tissue injury as a major(More)
To study the hypothesis of detecting bladder inflammation associated with overactive bladder (OAB) through altered urine levels of cytokines, chemokines, and growth factors. Midstream urine specimens were collected from a prospective study done on eight asymptomatic control subjects and 17 idiopathic OAB patients. The urine was analyzed by a multiplex panel(More)
The complex role of nitric oxide (NO) in the liver can be explained by its patterns of regulation and unique biochemical properties. With a broad range of direct and indirect molecular targets, NO acts as an inhibitor or agonist of cell signaling events. In the liver, constitutively generated NO maintains the hepatic microcirculation and endothelial(More)
Shock states induce the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in both Kupffer cells and hepatocytes in the liver, but little is known about its subcellular localization in these cells. Studies were undertaken to characterize the subcellular location of iNOS in hepatocytes in response to sepsis. By immunofluorescence analysis, intraperitoneal(More)
BACKGROUND Evidence suggests that intestinal barrier failure in necrotizing enterocolitis results in part from overproduction of nitric oxide and other toxic oxidant species that result in enterocyte death and intestinal barrier failure. We hypothesize that the glutathione detoxifying system is important in maintaining intestinal barrier integrity by(More)
The pluripotent cytokine transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) is the central regulator of inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase (iNOS) that is responsible for nitric oxide (NO) production in inflammatory settings. Previous studies have implicated a role for NO, presumably derived from iNOS, in cyclophosphamide (CYP)-induced cystitis in the bladder. TGF-β1 is(More)