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In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, high levels of airway and systemic inflammatory markers are associated with a faster decrease in lung function. Our study shows that patients colonized by Pneumocystis jiroveci have higher proinflammatory cytokine levels than do noncolonized patients. This suggests that Pneumocystis may play a role in disease(More)
We report a case of Pneumocystis jirovecii transmission from colonized grandparents to their infant granddaughter. Genotyping of P. jirovecii showed the same genotypes in samples from the infant and her grandparents. These findings support P. jirovecii transmission from immunocompetent carrier adults to a susceptible child.
BACKGROUND Pneumocystis colonization in young HIV-infected patients has been poorly studied. The aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence of P jiroveci colonization in a cohort of young HIV-infected patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS We designed a basal cross-sectional study in 20 young HIV-infected patients to determine the prevalence of P jiroveci(More)
BACKGROUND Infliximab, a chimeric antitumour necrosis factor (TNF) monoclonal antibody, has become an established effective therapy for inflammatory rheumatic disease. However, TNF is a critical factor in host defence, and the suppression of its biological activity may be associated with the increased risk of opportunistic infections. The frequent use of(More)
To the Editor: Our 2002 article in Emerging Infectious Diseases about nomenclature changes for organisms in the genus Pneumo-cystis (1) has been widely cited and probably will remain a source for persons seeking information about this subject. Therefore, we need to correct an error in 1 of the species names presented in our article and in the 1999 article(More)
The organizers wish to thank the following for financial support and sponsorship making these meengs possible: 11:50 AM T3. In vivo evaluation of polyhexamethylene biguanide eye drops efficacy in a rat Acanthamoeba polyphaga keratitis. Favennec, Loic et al. Université de Rouen, France. 12:10 PM T4. Cryptosporidium parvum hexokinase (CpHK): Biochemical(More)
Cotrimoxazole, an association of trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole, and dapsone, are mainstays for the prophylaxis and treatment of Pneumocystis pneumonia (PcP). The inability to culture Pneumocystis prevents routine susceptibility testing and detection of drug resistance. Instead, molecular techniques have been used to detect Pneumocystis jiroveci(More)
Pneumocystis jirovecii, the fungal agent that causes Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP), is known to exclusively infect humans. Molecular studies have enabled detection of this fungus in individuals who have been colonized by P. jirovecii. Such colonization, found in several populations, seems to act as a human reservoir for the fungus. Various studies have(More)
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