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Automated partial DNA sequencing was conducted on more than 600 randomly selected human brain complementary DNA (cDNA) clones to generate expressed sequence tags (ESTs). ESTs have applications in the discovery of new human genes, mapping of the human genome, and identification of coding regions in genomic sequences. Of the sequences generated, 337 represent(More)
The generation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) has enormous potential for the development of patient-specific regenerative medicine. Human embryonic stem cells (hESC) are able to defend their genomic integrity by maintaining low levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) through a combination of enhanced removal capacity and limited production of(More)
Expressed sequence tags (ESTs) have been obtained from several hundred brain cDNAs as an initial effort to characterize expressed brain genes. These ESTs will become tools for human genome mapping and they will also provide candidate causative genes for inherited disorders affecting the central nervous system. We have developed a procedure for the rapid(More)
Early development of mammalian embryos occurs in an environment of relative hypoxia. Nevertheless, human embryonic stem cells (hESC), which are derived from the inner cell mass of blastocyst, are routinely cultured under the same atmospheric conditions (21% O(2)) as somatic cells. We hypothesized that O(2) levels modulate gene expression and differentiation(More)
We recently described a new approach for the rapid characterization of expressed genes by partial DNA sequencing to generate 'expressed sequence tags'. From a set of 600 human brain complementary DNA clones, 348 were informative nuclear-encoded messenger RNAs. We have now partially sequenced 2,672 new, independent cDNA clones isolated from four human brain(More)
An enzyme-linked lectinsorbent assay (ELLA) was developed for quantification of in situ biofilm produced by Staphylococcus epidermidis in polystyrene 96-well tissue culture plates with phosphatase-labeled wheat germ agglutinin (WGA) as a specific probe for the GlcNAcbeta-1,4n component of exocellular matrix material (EMM) that is responsible for(More)
The extraction of nucleic acids with phenol and chloroform is the standard method to remove proteins and lipids from cellular digests. A major drawback to the use of these organic solvents is their caustic and toxic qualities. Phenol can cause severe burns while chloroform is hepatotoxic and carcinogenic. We describe in this paper the use of a special blood(More)
Understanding the transcriptional cues that direct differentiation of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) and human-induced pluripotent stem cells to defined and functional cell types is essential for future clinical applications. In this study, we have compared transcriptional profiles of haematopoietic progenitors derived from hESCs at various(More)
The isolation of significant numbers of human primordial germ cells at several developmental stages is important for investigations of the mechanisms by which they are able to undergo epigenetic reprogramming. Only small numbers of these cells can be obtained from embryos of appropriate developmental stages, so the differentiation of human embryonic stem(More)