Rubén Guzmán-Marín

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Neurones in the median preoptic nucleus (MnPN) and the ventrolateral preoptic area (vlPOA) express immunoreactivity for c-Fos protein following sustained sleep, and display elevated discharge rates during both non-REM and REM sleep compared to waking. We evaluated the hypothesis that MnPN and vlPOA sleep-active neurones are GABAergic by combining staining(More)
Several lines of evidence show that the preoptic area (POA) of the hypothalamus is critically implicated in the regulation of sleep. Functionally heterogeneous cell groups with sleep-related discharge patterns are located both in the medial and lateral POA. Recently a cluster of neurons showing sleep-related c-Fos immunoreactivity was found in the median(More)
Nicotine, locally administered into the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) of rat midbrain slices, increased the discharge rate of 70% of serotoninergic neurons, decreased it in 30% and induced reciprocal oscillatory increases in serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) release. All of nicotine's stimulatory effects were maximal at(More)
Previous work shows that sleep deprivation impairs hippocampal-dependent learning and long-term potentiation (LTP). Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), cAMP response-element-binding (CREB) and calcium-calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CAMKII) are critical modulators of hippocampal-dependent learning and LTP. In the present study we compared the(More)
The dentate gyrus (DG) of the adult hippocampus gives rise to progenitor cells, which have the potential to differentiate into neurons. To date it is not known whether sleep or sleep loss has any effect on proliferation of cells in the DG. Male rats were implanted for polysomnographic recording, and divided into treadmill sleep-deprived (SD), treadmill(More)
Previous studies showed that nicotine suppresses the ponto-geniculo-occipital (PGO) spikes of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep in cats. This effect may depend on stimulation of dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) serotoninergic neurons that inhibit the pedunculopontine (PPT) and laterodorsal tegmental (LDT) cholinergic neurons, generators of PGO spikes. For testing(More)
There is conflicting evidence for the role of nicotine in sleep regulation. This study was undertaken to determine the effects of transdermal nicotine at doses of 17.5, 35 and 52.5 mg on sleep and PGO spike activity. Minor effects were observed on sleep with a general increase in waking. PGO spike activity was abolished by all patches. The results are(More)
The adult hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) is a site of continuing neurogenesis. This process is influenced by a variety of physiological and experiential stimuli including total sleep deprivation (TSD). In humans, sleep fragmentation (SF) is a more common sleep condition than TSD. SF is associated with several prevalent diseases. We assessed a hypothesis(More)
In cats, putative serotonergic neurons (PSNs) recorded from the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) across the sleep-wake cycle exhibit the so-called rapid eye movement sleep-off (REM-off) discharge pattern. Since, the sleep-wake discharge patterns of DRN neurons in behaving rats is poorly known, the present study examined this neuronal populations. The PSNs(More)
This study measured cell proliferation in the hippocampal dentate gyrus in the adult rat at different times within a 12:12h light-dark cycle. The experiments were conducted in animals living in either a complex environment or in standard lab cages. A single dose of the thymidine analog 5-Bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) was injected 2h before animals were(More)