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The adult hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) is a site of continuing neurogenesis. This process is influenced by a variety of physiological and experiential stimuli including total sleep deprivation (TSD). In humans, sleep fragmentation (SF) is a more common sleep condition than TSD. SF is associated with several prevalent diseases. We assessed a hypothesis(More)
The dentate gyrus (DG) of the adult hippocampus gives rise to progenitor cells, which have the potential to differentiate into neurons. To date it is not known whether sleep or sleep loss has any effect on proliferation of cells in the DG. Male rats were implanted for polysomnographic recording, and divided into treadmill sleep-deprived (SD), treadmill(More)
Nicotine, locally administered into the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) of rat midbrain slices, increased the discharge rate of 70% of serotoninergic neurons, decreased it in 30% and induced reciprocal oscillatory increases in serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) release. All of nicotine's stimulatory effects were maximal at(More)
This study measured cell proliferation in the hippocampal dentate gyrus in the adult rat at different times within a 12:12h light-dark cycle. The experiments were conducted in animals living in either a complex environment or in standard lab cages. A single dose of the thymidine analog 5-Bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) was injected 2h before animals were(More)
Previous work shows that sleep deprivation impairs hippocampal-dependent learning and long-term potentiation (LTP). Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), cAMP response-element-binding (CREB) and calcium-calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CAMKII) are critical modulators of hippocampal-dependent learning and LTP. In the present study we compared the(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES The dentate gyrus (DG) of the adult hippocampus contains progenitor cells, which have potential to differentiate into neurons. Previously we reported that 96 hours of total sleep deprivation reduces neurogenesis in the DG of adult rats. Loss of either non-rapid eye movement (NREM) or rapid eye movement (REM) sleep could have contributed to(More)
We reported previously that 96 h of sleep deprivation (SD) reduced cell proliferation in the dentate gyrus (DG) of the hippocampus in adult rats. We now report that SD reduces the number of new cells expressing a mature neuronal marker, neuronal nuclear antigen (NeuN). Rats were sleep-deprived for 96 h, using an intermittent treadmill system. Total sleep(More)
Neurones in the median preoptic nucleus (MnPN) and the ventrolateral preoptic area (vlPOA) express immunoreactivity for c-Fos protein following sustained sleep, and display elevated discharge rates during both non-REM and REM sleep compared to waking. We evaluated the hypothesis that MnPN and vlPOA sleep-active neurones are GABAergic by combining staining(More)
Several lines of evidence show that the preoptic area (POA) of the hypothalamus is critically implicated in the regulation of sleep. Functionally heterogeneous cell groups with sleep-related discharge patterns are located both in the medial and lateral POA. Recently a cluster of neurons showing sleep-related c-Fos immunoreactivity was found in the median(More)
In cats, putative serotonergic neurons (PSNs) recorded from the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) across the sleep-wake cycle exhibit the so-called rapid eye movement sleep-off (REM-off) discharge pattern. Since, the sleep-wake discharge patterns of DRN neurons in behaving rats is poorly known, the present study examined this neuronal populations. The PSNs(More)