Rubén González-Rivera

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Endocannabinoids seem to play a role in the modulation of alertness. Therefore, we measured cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1R) protein by Western blot and messenger RNA (mRNA) by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction in the pons of rats across the 24-h period. We performed evaluations every 4 h beginning at 09:00 h. Rats were under a controlled(More)
During the process of a brain injury, responses to produce damage and cell death are activated, but self-protective responses that attempt to maintain the integrity and functionality of the brain are also activated. We have previously reported that the recovery from a traumatic brain injury (TBI) is better in rats if it occurs during the dark phase of the(More)
The endocannabinoid system is a component of the neuroprotective mechanisms that an organism displays after traumatic brain injury (TBI). A diurnal variation in several components of this system has been reported. This variation may influence the recovery and survival rate after TBI. We have previously reported that the recovery and survival rate of rats is(More)
Cathepsin B is one of the major lysosomal cysteine proteases involved in neuronal protein catabolism. This cathepsin is released after traumatic injury and increases neuronal death; however, release of cystatin C, a cathepsin inhibitor, appears to be a self-protective brain response. Here we describe the effect of cystatin C intracerebroventricular(More)
Many studies indicate that the hour of the day at which the onset of stroke occurs is very important in patient recovery. Furthermore, multiple studies have been conducted which show that ischemia in rats produces different magnitudes of injury depending on the hour of the day at which it was induced. Using a traumatic brain injury (TBI) model, we analyzed(More)
It has been hypothesized that proteins modulate rapid eye movement sleep (REMS). Studies have shown an increase in the liberation of proteins in the mesencephalic reticular formation of cats during REMS. It has also been determined that protein-synthesis inhibitors diminish REMS and that protease-inhibitors increase this sleep phase. These and other studies(More)
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