Rubén Darío Mantilla

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Autoimmune diseases (ADs) are a challenge at the intensive care unit. The management of patients with these diseases in the critical care setting has improved over time since there are new and more aggressive alternatives to treat and diagnose them. We aimed to review the current causes of admission, clinical features, outcomes and variables associated with(More)
The present study aimed to assess the tolerance and efficacy of rituximab (RTX), a chimeric IgG1 monoclonal antibody directed against the CD20 receptor present in B lymphocytes, in patients with autoimmune rheumatic diseases (AIRD). For this purpose, patients treated with RTX and their respective clinical charts were comprehensively examined. Indications(More)
BACKGROUND Genetic and epigenetic factors interacting with the environment over time are the main causes of complex diseases such as autoimmune diseases (ADs). Among the environmental factors are organic solvents (OSs), which are chemical compounds used routinely in commercial industries. Since controversy exists over whether ADs are caused by OSs, a(More)
BACKGROUND Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a chronic liver disease to which different Human Leukocyte Antigens (HLA) have been associated, according to the ethnic/geographical group affected, age of presentation, prognosis, and serologic profile. OBJECTIVE To identify common HLA class II alleles contributing to susceptibility to AIH in Latin American(More)
OBJECTIVES Little data is available on the prevalence and incidence of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or the genetic and environmental factors that influence RA risk and severity in non-Caucasian populations. The prevalence of RA in Caucasians and some Native American populations is 1% or more; in contrast, low prevalences of RA have been reported in some(More)
Polyautoimmunity is one of the major clinical characteristics of autoimmune diseases (ADs). The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of ADs in spondyloarthropathies (SpAs) and vice versa. This was a two-phase cross-sectional study. First, we examined the presence of ADs in a cohort of patients with SpAs (N = 148). Second, we searched for the(More)
PURPOSE To describe the distribution pattern and the clinical features of uveitis in two ophthalmology referral centres in Colombia. METHODS This was a retrospective study in which clinical records of patients attending the centres between 1996 and 2006 were systematically reviewed. Data were analysed and compared with previous reports. RESULTS Uveitis(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine factors influencing the age at onset of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS A sample of 152 Colombian patients was investigated. Hazard ratios (HRs) that measured the effect size of risk factors on the age at RA onset were computed by using Cox regression models. RESULTS Positive anti-CCP antibodies were associated with an(More)
Central nervous system (CNS) involvement in primary Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is poorly understood, and its frequency as well as its manifestations are subjects of controversy. The current study was undertaken to determine the prevalence and the clinical and immunogenetic characteristics of CNS compromise in a well defined group of patients with primary SS.(More)
Osteonecrosis (ON), or avascular necrosis of bone, has been related to decreased blood flow to the bone. Many local and systemic factors have been implicated in the pathogenesis of ON, involving corticosteroid therapy, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), hemoglobinopathies, alcohol abuse, Caisson disease, Gaucher disease, and hypercoagulability states. We(More)