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The CD5 lymphocyte surface receptor is a group B member of the ancient and highly conserved scavenger receptor cysteine-rich superfamily. CD5 is expressed on mature T and B1a cells, where it is known to modulate lymphocyte activation and/or differentiation processes. Recently, the interaction of a few group B SRCR members (CD6, Spalpha, and DMBT1) with(More)
The retinoid X receptor alpha (RXRalpha) plays a central role in the regulation of many intracellular receptor signaling pathways and can mediate ligand-dependent transcription by forming homodimers or heterodimers with other nuclear receptors. Although several members of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily have emerged as important regulators of(More)
Poly-(ADP-ribose) polymerase-2 (PARP-2) belongs to a large family of enzymes that synthesize and transfer ADP-ribose polymers to acceptor proteins, modifying their functional properties. PARP-2-deficient (Parp-2-/-) cells, similar to Parp-1-/- cells, are sensitive to both ionizing radiation and alkylating agents. Here we show that inactivation of mouse(More)
The severity of acute pancreatitis results from the transmigration and activation of leukocytes within the pancreas and the local synthesis and release of proinflammatory-soluble mediators that transform a local injury into a systemic inflammatory response. Poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase-1 (PARP-1) is a nuclear DNA-binding protein that has been shown to play a(More)
CD6 is a lymphocyte receptor that belongs to the scavenger receptor cysteine-rich superfamily. Because some members of the scavenger receptor cysteine-rich superfamily act as pattern recognition receptors for microbial components, we studied whether CD6 shares this function. We produced a recombinant form of the ectodomain of CD6 (rsCD6), which was(More)
Conformational diseases include heterogeneous disorders sharing a similar pathological mechanism, leading to intracellular aggregation of proteins with toxic effects. Serpins are commonly involved in these diseases. These are structurally sensitive molecules that modify their folding under even minor genetic or environmental variations. Indeed, under normal(More)
The hemostatic system is severely disturbed during endotoxemia, leading to a hypercoagulable state. However, it remains uncertain to what extent hypercoagulability is the critical factor in determining the clinical course rather than just the consequence of a severe systemic inflammatory response. To answer this question, we evaluated the evolution of(More)
OBJECTIVE Heat stroke is a life-threatening illness characterized by an increased core body temperature as a result of exposure to high ambient temperature. Despite advances in supportive care, heat stroke is often fatal, and no specific and effective therapies exist. The pathophysiological responses to heat stroke involve a systemic inflammatory response(More)
In liver cirrhosis, elevated levels of NO and ROS (reactive oxygen species) might greatly favour the generation of peroxynitrite. Peroxynitrite is a highly reactive oxidant and it can potentially alter the vascular reactivity and the function of different organs. In the present study, we evaluated whether peroxynitrite levels are related to the progression(More)
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