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BACKGROUND The pathogenic role of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the incisional pain is poorly understood. The present study explores the role of the BDNF in the incision-induced pain hypersensitivity. METHODS A longitudinal incision was made in one plantar hind paw of isoflurane-anesthetized rats. Dorsal root ganglias (DRG) and spinal cords(More)
Reinforcing effects of addictive drugs can be evaluated with the conditioned place preference (CPP) test which involves both the action of drugs and environmental cues. However, the encoded neural circuits and underlying signaling mechanism are not fully understood. In this study, we have used morphine-CPP model in the rat and characterized the role of(More)
Eukaryotic cells sense extracellular glucose concentrations via diverse mechanisms to regulate the expression of genes involved in metabolic control. One such example is the tight correlation between the expression of thioredoxin-interacting protein (Txnip) and extracellular glucose levels. In this report, we show that the transcription of the Txnip gene is(More)
S-phase transcription of the histone 2B (H2B) gene is dependent on Octamer-binding factor 1 (Oct-1) and Oct-1 Co-Activator in S-phase (OCA-S), a protein complex comprising glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and lactate dehydrogenase (p38/GAPDH and p36/LDH) along with other components. H2B transcription in vitro is modulated by NAD(H). This potentially(More)
AIMS Endothelial cell injury induced by inflammatory factors plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of numerous vascular diseases. MicroRNAs are well known to be implicated in cell proliferation and apoptosis in inflammatory responses; however, it remains to be determined whether microRNAs are associated with tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α-mediated(More)
OBJECTIVES The incidence of fentanyl-induced cough (FIC) during induction of general anesthesia varies around 40% and is undesirable. It increases intracranial, intraocular, and intra-abdominal pressures. This prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study evaluated the effect of dexmedetomidine (DEX) pretreatment on the incidence and(More)
Many biological activities naturally oscillate. Here, we show that the NAD(+)/NADH ratios (redox status) fluctuate during mammalian cell cycle, with the S-phase redox status being the least oxidative. The S-phase NAD(+)/NADH redox status gates histone expression and S-phase progression, and may provide a genome protection mechanism during S-phase DNA(More)
BACKGROUND A recent study has demonstrated that surgical incision induces an anxiety-like behavior but its relationship with incision-evoked mechanical hypersensitivity remains elusive. Extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) activity in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) is important for the affective pain. The current study aims to explore ERK1/2(More)
The role of affective dimension in the postoperative pain is still poorly understood. The present study investigated the development of anxiety-like behavior and amygdala sensitization in incisional pain. Using hind-paw incision model in rats, we showed that surgical incision induced the anxiety-like behavior as determined by elevated plus-maze and(More)
Opioid addiction is a major social, economic, and medical problem worldwide. Long-term adverse consequences of chronic opiate exposure not only involve the individuals themselves but also their offspring. Adolescent maternal morphine exposure results in behavior and morphologic changes in the brain of their adult offspring. However, few studies investigate(More)