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BACKGROUND The impact of early surgery on mortality in patients with native valve endocarditis (NVE) is unresolved. This study sought to evaluate valve surgery compared with medical therapy for NVE and to identify characteristics of patients who are most likely to benefit from early surgery. METHODS AND RESULTS Using a prospective, multinational cohort of(More)
Geometric remodeling of the left ventricle (LV) after myocardial infarction is associated with changes in myocardial wall stress. The objective of this study was to determine the regional curvatures and wall stress based on three-dimensional (3-D) reconstructions of the LV using MRI. Ten patients with ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM) and 10 normal(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the influence of acetyl-salicylic acid (ASA) on clinical outcomes in Staphylococcus aureus infective endocarditis (SA-IE). METHODS The International Collaboration on Endocarditis - Prospective Cohort Study database was used in this observational study. Multivariable analysis of the SA-IE cohort compared outcomes in patients with and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In Rivaroxaban Once Daily Oral Direct Factor Xa Inhibitor Compared With Vitamin K Antagonism for Prevention of Stroke and Embolism Trial in Atrial Fibrillation (ROCKET AF) trial, rivaroxaban was noninferior to dose-adjusted warfarin in preventing stroke or systemic embolism among patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation at(More)
Although there are several excellent indexes of myocardial contractility, they require accurate measurement of pressure via left ventricular (LV) catheterization. Here we validate a novel noninvasive contractility index that is dependent only on lumen and wall volume of the LV chamber in patients with normal and compromised LV ejection fraction (LVEF). By(More)
A quantitative understanding of right ventricular (RV) remodeling in repaired tetralogy of Fallot (rTOF) is crucial for patient management. The objective of this study is to quantify the regional curvatures and area strain based on three-dimensional (3-D) reconstructions of the RV using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Fourteen (14) rTOF patients(More)
Endothelial dysfunction is associated with traditional and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)-specific risk factors, and early data suggest reversibility of endothelial dysfunction with therapy. The clinical relevance of endothelial function assessment has been limited by the lack of studies, demonstrating its prognostic significance and impact on early(More)
The assessment of atrioventricular junction (AVJ) deformation plays an important role in evaluating left ventricular systolic and diastolic function in clinical practice. This study aims to demonstrate the effectiveness and consistency of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) for quantitative assessment of AVJ velocity compared with tissue Doppler(More)
In this work, we present a method to assess left ventricle (LV) regional function from cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging based on the regional ejection fraction (REF) and regional area strain (RAS). CMR scans were performed for 30 patients after first-time myocardial infarction (MI) and nine age- and sex-matched healthy volunteers. The CMR images(More)
Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction is known to be highly correlated with mortality and morbidity; nevertheless, imaging-based assessment of RV anatomy and physiology lags far behind that of the left ventricle. In this study, we advance RV imaging using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) to accomplish the following aims: (i) track the motion of six tricuspid(More)