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Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by the selective and progressive loss of dopaminergic (DA) neurons in the midbrain substantia nigra. Currently, available treatment is unable to alter PD progression. Previously, we demonstrated that valproic acid (VPA), a mood stabilizer, anticonvulsant and histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, increases the(More)
Recent lines of research suggest that, in addition to hypothalamic sites, the striatum dopaminergic system may be a target for regulating homeostasis that may be represented by the body mass index (BMI). Although it has been reported that the striatal dopamine receptor (DRD2) availability of very obese individuals was reduced in proportion to their BMI, the(More)
BACKGROUND Although studies have indicated that the frontal lobe plays an important role in performance on the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) and that basal ganglia play a specific role in frontal lobe function, the role of striatal dopamine (DA) activity in performance on the WCST remains unclear. METHODS We assessed the relation between the(More)
Adrenal responsiveness to Cosyntropin (synthetic ACTH) was investigated in five patients with major depression and five individually matched normal subjects. Three hours following suppression of endogenous ACTH secretion with dexamethasone (1 mg orally), the adrenal response to a 10-min infusion of Cosyntropin (0.05 micrograms/kg body weight) was monitored(More)
INTRODUCTION Although the mesolimbic dopaminergic system has been shown to play a role in reinforcing tobacco smoking, results of imaging studies that examine the relationship between tobacco smoking and the central dopamine system remain discrepant. To delineate the role of tobacco addiction in central pre- and post-synaptic dopaminergic activities, we(More)
In order to explore the neuropathology of the pre- and post-synaptic dopamine neurons of patients with major depression, we examined striatal D(2)/D(3) receptor uptake and dopamine transporter (DAT) availability simultaneously in drug-free depressed patients using a dual-isotope single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging technique. Ten(More)
The present study examined the relationship between serotonin transporter (SERT) availability and hostility scores in healthy volunteers. SERT availability was measured by using SPECT with [(123)I] ADAM in 10 healthy participants. Hostility was measured with the Cook-Medley Hostility Scale. Hostile attribution, but not the other subscales of hostility, was(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the relationships between the daily life events and the availabilities of serotonin transporters (SERT) and dopamine transporters (DAT) in healthy volunteers. Thirty-seven volunteers, 19 males and 18 females, were recruited. The SERT availability was approximated using SPECT and [123I] ADAM while the DAT availability was(More)
The dopaminergic system has been implicated in alcoholism but studies at the dopamine D2 receptor gene (DRD2), one of the five dopamine receptors, have not given a consistent picture of an association with alcoholism. We have now studied the dopamine D4 receptor gene (DRD4) using six polymorphisms, both separately and as haplotypes. Three groups of(More)
This study examined whether there is evidence for an association between alcoholism and the alleles of the TaqI A, TaqI B, and short tandem repeat polymorphisms (STRP), both individually and as haplotypes, at the dopamine D2 receptor gene (DRD2) in males of three populations from Taiwan. We studied 46 Chinese Han (21 alcoholics and 25 nonalcoholics), 42(More)