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We recently showed that human and rat platelets express two types of SERCAs (Sarco Endoplasmic Reticulum Ca2+ATPases): a 100-kDa SERCA2b isoform and a 97-kDa SERCA isoform. Here, we explored the possibility that the rat 97-kDa isoform is identical to the SERCA3 protein. For this purpose, we first attempted to detect SERCA3 mRNA in rat platelet total RNA by(More)
Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease (PVOD) is an uncommon form of pulmonary hypertension (PH) characterized by progressive obstruction of small pulmonary veins and a dismal prognosis. Limited case series have reported a possible association between different chemotherapeutic agents and PVOD. We evaluated the relationship between chemotherapeutic agents and(More)
The role of Ca2+ influx in the regulation of the sarco-endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ATPases (SERCA) associated with intracellular Ca2+ pools was investigated during smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation induced by platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF). We first defined that the previously described up-regulation of the SERCA2a isoform found in vascular SMC(More)
BACKGROUND Weight loss in obese insulin-resistant but not in insulin-sensitive persons reduces coronary heart disease risk. To what extent changes in gene expression are related to atherosclerosis and cardiovascular function is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS We studied the effect of diet restriction-induced weight loss on gene expression in the adipose(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity-associated dyslipidemia in humans is associated with increased low-density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation. Mice with combined leptin and LDL receptor deficiency are obese and show severe dyslipidemia and insulin resistance. We investigated the association between oxidation of apolipoprotein B-containing lipoproteins, high-density lipoprotein(More)
Changes in endothelium functions during ischemia are thought to be of importance in numerous pathological conditions, with, for instance, an increase in the release of inflammatory mediators like prostaglandins. Here, we showed that hypoxia increases phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) activity in human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Both basal PLA(2) activity(More)
Atherosclerosis was studied in apolipoprotein E (apoE) knockout mice expressing human apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) or an apoA-I/apolipoprotein A-II (apoA-II) chimera in which the Arg123-Tyr166 central domain of apoA-I was substituted with the Ser12-Ala75 segment of apoA-II. High density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels were identical in apoA-I and(More)
OBJECTIVES Our aim was to investigate in a prospective study a potential role of C-reactive protein (CRP) in predicting the outcome in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). BACKGROUND CRP is a well-known marker of inflammation and tissue damage, widely recognized as a risk predictor of(More)
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is caused by preterm neonatal lung injury and results in oxygen dependency and pulmonary hypertension. Current clinical management fails to reduce the incidence of BPD, which calls for novel therapies. Fetal rabbits have a lung development that mimics humans and can be used as a translational model to test novel treatment(More)
The effect of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) on Rap1 expression was investigated in rat vascular smooth muscle cells (SMC). First, evidence for Rap1 proteins was shown by their: (i) detection in membranes using a specific anti-Rap1 antibody, (ii) typical shift in electrophoretic mobility as a consequence of reduction, and (iii) cAMP-induced(More)