Rozenn Quarck

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BACKGROUND Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is associated with proximal pulmonary artery obstruction and vascular remodeling. We hypothesized that pulmonary arterial smooth muscle (PASMC) and endothelial cells (PAEC) may actively contribute to remodeling of the proximal pulmonary vascular wall in CTEPH. Our present objective was to(More)
BACKGROUND Atherosclerosis is characterized by an early inflammatory response involving proinflammatory mediators such as platelet-activating factor (PAF)-like phospholipids, which are inactivated by PAF-acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH). The effect of adenovirus-mediated expression of PAF-AH on injury-induced neointima formation and spontaneous atherosclerosis was(More)
BACKGROUND The metabolic syndrome is typified by obesity, dyslipidemia, diabetes, hypertension, increased oxidative stress, and accelerated atherosclerosis. Paraoxonase1 (PON1), a high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-associated antioxidant enzyme that prevents the oxidation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL), is low in the metabolic syndrome. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
Background—Weight loss in obese insulin-resistant but not in insulin-sensitive persons reduces coronary heart disease risk. To what extent changes in gene expression are related to atherosclerosis and cardiovascular function is unknown. Methods and Results—We studied the effect of diet restriction–induced weight loss on gene expression in the adipose(More)
Atherosclerosis was studied in apolipoprotein E (apoE) knockout mice expressing human apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) or an apoA-I/apolipoprotein A-II (apoA-II) chimera in which the Arg123-Tyr166 central domain of apoA-I was substituted with the Ser12-Ala75 segment of apoA-II. High density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels were identical in apoA-I and(More)
BACKGROUND Cells exhibiting dysregulated growth may express telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT), the dual function of which consists of maintaining telomere length, in association with the RNA template molecule TERC, and controlling cell growth. Here, we investigated lung TERT in human and experimental pulmonary hypertension (PH) and its role in(More)
Mutations in the bone morphogenetic protein receptor (BMPR2) gene have been observed in 70 % of patients with heritable pulmonary arterial hypertension (HPAH) and in 11–40 % with idiopathic PAH (IPAH). However, carriers of a BMPR2 mutation have only 20 % risk of developing PAH. Since inflammatory mediators are increased and predict survival in PAH, they(More)
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is caused by preterm neonatal lung injury and results in oxygen dependency and pulmonary hypertension. Current clinical management fails to reduce the incidence of BPD, which calls for novel therapies. Fetal rabbits have a lung development that mimics humans and can be used as a translational model to test novel treatment(More)
Background—Obesity-associated dyslipidemia in humans is associated with increased low-density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation. Mice with combined leptin and LDL receptor deficiency are obese and show severe dyslipidemia and insulin resistance. We investigated the association between oxidation of apolipoprotein B– containing lipoproteins, high-density(More)
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