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Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease (PVOD) is an uncommon form of pulmonary hypertension (PH) characterized by progressive obstruction of small pulmonary veins and a dismal prognosis. Limited case series have reported a possible association between different chemotherapeutic agents and PVOD. We evaluated the relationship between chemotherapeutic agents and(More)
BACKGROUND Weight loss in obese insulin-resistant but not in insulin-sensitive persons reduces coronary heart disease risk. To what extent changes in gene expression are related to atherosclerosis and cardiovascular function is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS We studied the effect of diet restriction-induced weight loss on gene expression in the adipose(More)
OBJECTIVES Our aim was to investigate in a prospective study a potential role of C-reactive protein (CRP) in predicting the outcome in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). BACKGROUND CRP is a well-known marker of inflammation and tissue damage, widely recognized as a risk predictor of(More)
Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is characterised by proximal pulmonary vascular obstruction by thrombo-fibrotic material, the origin of which has not been elucidated. Enhanced inflammation could contribute to persistent obstruction by impairing pulmonary vascular cell function in CTEPH. We investigated C-reactive protein (CRP) effects(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is associated with proximal pulmonary artery obstruction and vascular remodeling. We hypothesized that pulmonary arterial smooth muscle (PASMC) and endothelial cells (PAEC) may actively contribute to remodeling of the proximal pulmonary vascular wall in CTEPH. Our present objective was to(More)
BACKGROUND Atherosclerosis is characterized by an early inflammatory response involving proinflammatory mediators such as platelet-activating factor (PAF)-like phospholipids, which are inactivated by PAF-acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH). The effect of adenovirus-mediated expression of PAF-AH on injury-induced neointima formation and spontaneous atherosclerosis was(More)
BACKGROUND The metabolic syndrome is typified by obesity, dyslipidemia, diabetes, hypertension, increased oxidative stress, and accelerated atherosclerosis. Paraoxonase1 (PON1), a high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-associated antioxidant enzyme that prevents the oxidation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL), is low in the metabolic syndrome. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity-associated dyslipidemia in humans is associated with increased low-density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation. Mice with combined leptin and LDL receptor deficiency are obese and show severe dyslipidemia and insulin resistance. We investigated the association between oxidation of apolipoprotein B-containing lipoproteins, high-density lipoprotein(More)
We recently showed that human and rat platelets express two types of SERCAs (Sarco Endoplasmic Reticulum Ca2+ATPases): a 100-kDa SERCA2b isoform and a 97-kDa SERCA isoform. Here, we explored the possibility that the rat 97-kDa isoform is identical to the SERCA3 protein. For this purpose, we first attempted to detect SERCA3 mRNA in rat platelet total RNA by(More)
The role of Ca2+ influx in the regulation of the sarco-endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ATPases (SERCA) associated with intracellular Ca2+ pools was investigated during smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation induced by platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF). We first defined that the previously described up-regulation of the SERCA2a isoform found in vascular SMC(More)