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BACKGROUND Dialogue between the oocyte and cumulus cells is essential for oocyte maturation. A prospective laboratory research project was designed to evaluate transcription of specific genes in cumulus cells harvested before intracytoplasmic sperm injection from pre-ovulatory follicles, according to individual oocyte nuclear maturity and developmental(More)
Maturation of immature bovine oocytes requires cytoplasmic polyadenylation and synthesis of a number of proteins involved in meiotic progression and metaphase-II arrest. Aurora serine-threonine kinases--localized in centrosomes, chromosomes, and midbody--regulate chromosome segregation and cytokinesis in somatic cells. In frog and mouse oocytes, Aurora A(More)
The constitution and the control of the ovarian reserve is of importance in mammals and women. In particular, the number of primordial follicles at puberty is positively correlated with the number of growing follicles and their response to gonadotropin treatments. The size of this ovarian reserve depends on genes involved in germ cell proliferation and(More)
In the present work, we have used the in silico subtraction methodology to identify six new mouse genes similar to NALP5/MATER, whose ESTs were represented almost exclusively in egg libraries. Five genes were selected for RT-PCR and/or in situ hybridization. These experiments confirmed their oocyte restricted expression. Five of these genes are localized on(More)
BACKGROUND Zygote arrest 1 (ZAR1) is one of the few known oocyte-specific maternal-effect genes essential for the beginning of embryo development discovered in mice. This gene is evolutionary conserved in vertebrates and ZAR1 protein is characterized by the presence of atypical plant homeobox zing finger domain, suggesting its role in transcription(More)
We have cloned the bovine homologue of Mater (maternal antigen that embryos require) cDNA, potentially the first germ cell-specific maternal-effect gene in this species. The 3297 base-pair longest open reading frame encodes a putative protein of 1098 amino acids with a domain organization similar to its human counterpart. By reverse transcription coupled to(More)
In mammals, anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) expression is detected in the granulosa cells of all growing follicles and is highest in healthy small antral follicles, which contribute most significantly to AMH endocrine levels. AMH is a reliable endocrine marker of this population of gonadotrophin-responsive follicles in ruminants and, over the longer term,(More)
In bovine maturing oocytes and cleavage stage embryos, gene expression is mostly controlled at the post-transcriptional level, through degradation and deadenylation/polyadenylation. We have investigated how post transcriptional control of maternal transcripts was affected during in vitro and in vivo maturation, as a model of differential developmental(More)
We have cloned and sequenced the bovine NALP9 cDNA, which contains a 2991 bp long open reading frame with 76% homology to its human counterpart. The putative 996 amino acids protein presents the domain organization typical of the Nacht, Leucine rich repeat and Pyrin domain containing (NALP) family that includes the maternal effect factor MATER. By reverse(More)
Genes specifically expressed in the oocyte play key roles in oogenesis, ovarian folliculogenesis, fertilization and/or early embryonic development. In an attempt to identify novel oocyte-specific genes in the mouse, we have used an in silico subtraction methodology, and we have focused our attention on genes that are organized in genomic clusters. In the(More)