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Several lines of evidence suggest that descending serotoninergic facilitatory pathways are involved in neuropathic pain. These pathways may involve 5-HT2A receptors known to play a role in spinal and peripheral sensitization. The implication of this receptor in neuropathy was investigated in a model of peripheral neuropathy induced by 2',3'-dideoxycytidine,(More)
Serotonin (5-HT) plays a major role at the spinal level by modulating most spinal functions through several receptor subtypes including the 5-HT2A receptor. To gain further insight into the cellular role of this receptor, we performed an immunocytochemical study of 5-HT2A receptors in the rat spinal cord, at light and electron microscope levels. The results(More)
In neurons, the selective translocation of Tau mRNA toward axons is due to the presence of a nucleotide sequence located in its 3' untranslated region and serving as axonal targeting element. Using this RNA sequence as a probe by a Northwestern approach, we have detected several proteins that interact with the targeting RNA element and could potentially be(More)
In recent years, a neuroimmunomodulatory role for 1,25-dihydroxyvitamine D(3) [1,25(OH)(2)D(3)] has emerged. Microglial cells present a potential target for the effects of this hormone in the brain. This study focuses on the effect of 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) on the expression and production of inflammatory cytokines and nitric oxide (NO) by the EOC13 microglial(More)
Cultures of oligodendrocyte progenitor cells, ERD 1.1 cells, a nontransformed immortalized cell line of oligodendrocyte progenitors and C6 glioma cells were labeled with the fluorescent dye Fast Blue and transplanted into brains of 4 day postnatal Wistar rat pups. The localization of fluorescent cells within host brain was examined at various times(More)
The lateral habenular complex (LHb) is a key signal integrator between limbic forebrain regions and monoaminergic hindbrain nuclei. Major projections of LHb neurons target the dopaminergic ventral tegmental area (VTA) and the serotonergic dorsal (DR) and median raphe nuclei (MnR). Both monoaminergic neurotransmitter systems play a central role in reward(More)
The astrocyte cell line (C.LT.T.1.1.), which is immortalized and has retained a normal density-dependent regulation of growth, is a suitable model for studying the relationships between proliferation, differentiation, and the production of extracellular matrix. The growth factor TGF beta 1 was used to modulate these processes. When added to proliferative(More)
Bipotent glial progenitors have been immortalized by the transfer of the adenovirus E1A gene into primary cultured cells from embryonic rat brain. The lines obtained are phenotypically untransformed, retain growth contact-inhibition, and are able to differentiate, unless they are surtransfected with transforming oncogenes. Depending on the growth(More)
Double-stranded RNA-binding proteins (DRBPs) are known to regulate many processes of RNA metabolism due, among others, to the presence of double-stranded RNA (dsRNA)-binding motifs (dsRBMs). Among these DRBPs, Interleukin enhancer-binding factor 3 (Ilf3) and Nuclear Factor 90 (NF90) are two ubiquitous proteins generated by mutually exclusive and alternative(More)
Using heterostructures that combine a large-polarization ferroelectric (BiFeO3) and a high-temperature superconductor (YBa2Cu3O(7-δ)), we demonstrate the modulation of the superconducting condensate at the nanoscale via ferroelectric field effects. Through this mechanism, a nanoscale pattern of normal regions that mimics the ferroelectric domain structure(More)