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Most human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) genes are highly conserved in sequence among strains, but some exhibit a substantial degree of variation. Two of these genes are UL146, which encodes a CXC chemokine, and UL139, which is predicted to encode a membrane glycoprotein. The sequences of these genes were determined from a collection of 184 HCMV samples obtained(More)
Many of the herbal extracts used in the Chinese clinical medical routine inhibit the growth of tumor cells. In the present work, extracts of 12 selected herbs were prepared with methanol, chloroform, ethyl acetate and water, and the effects of these on the multidrug resistance (MDR) and P-glycoprotein of mouse lymphoma cells transfected with the human mdr1(More)
Human cytomegalovirus (CMV) preferentially infects tumor tissues and the accumulated CMV immediate-early (IE) antigen may lead to tumor promotion and progression. The development of strategies to inhibit human CMV IE antigen expression and/or function is an important goal to prevent and treat certain forms of cancers associated with human CMV. The aim of(More)
Human adenovirus, oncogene-type 12 infected HEp-2 cells were exposed to six benzo[a]phenothiazines. 5-Oxo-5H-benzo[a]phenothiazine (4) and 6-hydroxy-5-oxo-5H-benzo[a]phenothiazine (5) were moderately toxic. 9-Methyl-12H-benzo[a]phenothiazine (2), 10-methyl-12H-benzo[a]phenothiazine (3), 6-methyl-5-oxo-5H-benzo[a]phenothiazine (6), and(More)
Quercetin protects mice from lethal Mengo M virus infection when given orally 12 and 1 hr before and 8, 24, 36, 48 and 56 hr after inoculation. No differences in the course of infection have been found between normal splenectomized or congenitally athymic mice. Likewise the effect of drug treatment was similar in all three models. Necrotic lesions in the(More)
In an earlier article, we reported that serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) inhibits the natural killer cell (NK) cytotoxicity of human whole blood in a dose-dependent manner and that natural human interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) partially eliminates this effect. Because natural IFN-alpha might contain factors other than IFN, we repeated these experiments(More)
Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is the leading cause of mental retardation and hearing impairment. Examination for the presence of CMV infection was carried out in a selected population of 70 neonates. Urine samples were tested for CMV by means of a nested polymerase chain reaction. CMV was detected in 6 (16.7%) of the 36 preterm newborns and in(More)
In the present work a systematic study was initiated with crocine, ginsenoside and cannabinoid derivatives on multidrug resistant mouse lymphoma cells, viral tumor antigen expression and some human leukocyte functions. Among saffron derivatives, crocin and picrocrocin, triglucosyl and diglucosyl crocetin were ineffective on the reversal of multidrug(More)
On the basis of the sequence variation of the glycoprotein B (gB) gene, human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) can be classified into four gB genotypes. Genotyping of HCMV from congenital infections was carried out on the assumption that the envelope gB may influence the outcome of prenatal infection. Sixty-three pregnant women were included in the study: 40 pregnant(More)