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The interaction of activated epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) with the Src homology 2 (SH2) domain of the growth-factor-receptor binding protein Grb2 initiates signaling through Ras and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAP kinase) [1,2]. Activation of EGFRs by ligand also triggers rapid endocytosis of EGF-receptor complexes. To analyze the(More)
The mammalian form of the protozoan parasite Leishmania mexicana contains high activity of a cysteine proteinase (LmCPb) encoded on a tandem array of 19 genes (lmcpb). Homozygous null mutants for lmcpb have been produced by targeted gene disruption. All life-cycle stages of the mutant can be cultured in vitro, demonstrating that the gene is not essential(More)
Vascular permeability factor/vascular endothelial growth factor (VPF/VEGF) is an angiogenic cytokine with potential for the treatment of tissue ischemia. To investigate the properties of the new blood vessels induced by VPF/VEGF, we injected an adenoviral vector engineered to express murine VPF/VEGF164 into several normal tissues of adult nude mice or rats.(More)
Cell cycle-regulated gene expression is essential for normal cell growth and development and loss of stringent growth control is associated with the acquisition of the transformed phenotype. The selective synthesis of histone proteins during the S phase of the cell cycle is required to render cells competent for the ordered packaging of replicating DNA into(More)
Mutants null for the cathepsin B-like cysteine proteinase gene (cpc) of Leishmania mexicana have been generated by targeted gene disruption. The gene deletion was confirmed using a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method with cpc-specific primers and genomic DNA isolated from the mutants. cpc was re-expressed in the null mutants from an episomal vector.(More)
Although the systemic administration of a number of different gene products has been shown to result in the inhibition of angiogenesis and tumor growth in different animal tumor models, the relative potency of those gene products has not been studied rigorously. To address this issue, recombinant adenoviruses encoding angiostatin, endostatin, and the(More)
When the level of c-jun mRNA was analyzed in WI-38 human fibroblasts exciting short- and long-term quiescence, two peaks of c-jun mRNA accumulation were found. The first occurred one hour after stimulation and lasted three to five hours, whereas the second occurred at the G1/S border and was coupled to the time of entry to S phase rather than to the time of(More)
Analysis of gene expression following stimulation of growth-arrested cells has been the main approach for identification of growth-associated genes. Since the activation of these gene sequences is dependent on both the stimulatory agent and the state of quiescence of the cell, the activation and role of the same genes may be entirely different in non-growth(More)
Previous results from our laboratory have identified a second peak in steady state levels of c-jun mRNA (in addition to the immediate early induction) which occurs at the G1/S border in WI-38 normal human diploid fibroblasts. The present studies were undertaken in an attempt to determine (1) the molecular mechanism responsible for the expression of c-jun in(More)
It was the goal of this study to determine whether during long-term quiescence WI-38 cells gradually lose labile components which then need to be resynthesized before a stimulated cell can progress through G-1 and enter S. The metabolic and molecular status of WI-38 cells was systematically analyzed as they entered and were maintained for an extended period(More)