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An in vitro model system has been developed in which freshly isolated resting WC1+ gamma/delta TcR+ T cells proliferate in response to cells transformed by the protozoan parasite Theileria annulata, providing a strategy in which the basis of activation of naive gamma/delta T cells can be investigated. Irradiated parasite-transformed cells stimulate the(More)
The causal agent of sheep-associated malignant catarrhal fever (MCF), Ovine Herpesvirus-2 (OHV-2), can be propagated in IL-2-dependent lymphoblastoid cell lines derived from diseased cattle and deer providing a useful model for the investigation of the pathogenesis of MCF. In this study, five interleukin-2 (IL-2)-dependent cell lines were established from(More)
Culture of bone marrow precursor cells with cytokines, including granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), interleukin-4 (IL-4) and the tyrosine kinase receptor binding proteins Flt-3 ligand (Flt-3L) and stem-cell factor (SCF), has previously been shown, in both mouse and human, to result in the generation of large numbers of dendritic(More)
Liver lipids were estimated in cows eight weeks before and one and eight weeks after calving by two independent procedures. Liver lipid was estimated stereologically in Araldite-embedded sections and using thin layer chromatography and densitometry of the separated lipids. The results obtained by these methods were compared. There were significant increases(More)
Gammadelta and alphabeta TCR+ T cells share many properties and their interactions are likely to be coordinated and regulated. We provide evidence that cattle gammadelta T cells are able to present antigen to CD4+ T cells. To help elucidate their function gammadelta T cell lines were propagated for extensive characterization. Cells expressed high levels of(More)
The uptake of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) antigen by cattle dendritic cells was investigated. Pathways of antigen uptake were monitored by flow cytometry using specific tracers and by proliferation assays, which were used to measure the presentation of RSV antigen and ovalbumin. Inhibitors that differentially affected pathways were used to distinguish(More)
The 180,000 MW isoform of CD45 (CD45RO) has been identified in cattle with a novel monoclonal antibody (mAb) (IL-A116). This has allowed a more precise analysis of T-cell function in relation to CD45 isoform expression. Within the CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell populations, CD45RO+ and CD45RO- subsets were evident. Most CD4+ and CD8+ T cells that expressed the CD45RO(More)
Few data are available regarding the induction of memory T-lymphocyte responses in cattle following Bacille Calmette Guérin (BCG) vaccination. Studies of the immune response induced by BCG vaccination provide an insight into the basis of antimycobacterial immunity that could be exploited for the development of more effective vaccination strategies. We used(More)
Eleven cows with a wide range of liver fat (5.7 to 51.4 per cent) at seven days post partum were experimentally infected in a single quarter with a capsular Escherichia coli at 10 days post partum. The results suggested that a fatty liver in itself does not influence the severity of mastitis. All animals had clinical mastitis 10 hours after infection but no(More)
The effects of IL-12 on the responses of cattle peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) to bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) antigen and ovalbumin (OVA) were tested, in vitro. IL-12 did not affect the proliferative responses of PBMC to these antigens but markedly accelerated and augmented the level of IFNgamma secreted. When tested on lymphoblasts(More)