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The causal agent of sheep-associated malignant catarrhal fever (MCF), Ovine Herpesvirus-2 (OHV-2), can be propagated in IL-2-dependent lymphoblastoid cell lines derived from diseased cattle and deer providing a useful model for the investigation of the pathogenesis of MCF. In this study, five interleukin-2 (IL-2)-dependent cell lines were established from(More)
Culture of bone marrow precursor cells with cytokines, including granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), interleukin-4 (IL-4) and the tyrosine kinase receptor binding proteins Flt-3 ligand (Flt-3L) and stem-cell factor (SCF), has previously been shown, in both mouse and human, to result in the generation of large numbers of dendritic(More)
Liver lipids were estimated in cows eight weeks before and one and eight weeks after calving by two independent procedures. Liver lipid was estimated stereologically in Araldite-embedded sections and using thin layer chromatography and densitometry of the separated lipids. The results obtained by these methods were compared. There were significant increases(More)
The uptake of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) antigen by cattle dendritic cells was investigated. Pathways of antigen uptake were monitored by flow cytometry using specific tracers and by proliferation assays, which were used to measure the presentation of RSV antigen and ovalbumin. Inhibitors that differentially affected pathways were used to distinguish(More)
Virus-specific T cell responses were measured in cattle seropositive for bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) and compared with those from BVDV-seronegative animals. CD4+ and CD8+ T cells were purified and co-cultured in vitro with autologous, BVDV-infected monocytes over a time-course to assess the kinetics of the proliferative response. Supernatants from(More)
The effects of IL-12 on the responses of cattle peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) to bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) antigen and ovalbumin (OVA) were tested, in vitro. IL-12 did not affect the proliferative responses of PBMC to these antigens but markedly accelerated and augmented the level of IFNgamma secreted. When tested on lymphoblasts(More)
Few data are available regarding the induction of memory T-lymphocyte responses in cattle following Bacille Calmette Guérin (BCG) vaccination. Studies of the immune response induced by BCG vaccination provide an insight into the basis of antimycobacterial immunity that could be exploited for the development of more effective vaccination strategies. We used(More)
Eleven cows with a wide range of liver fat (5.7 to 51.4 per cent) at seven days post partum were experimentally infected in a single quarter with a capsular Escherichia coli at 10 days post partum. The results suggested that a fatty liver in itself does not influence the severity of mastitis. All animals had clinical mastitis 10 hours after infection but no(More)
Fibronectin (Fn) is a high molecular weight glycoprotein and acute phase reactant that contributes to a variety of cellular activities including proliferation and wound healing. Production of Fn is influenced by cytokines such as IL-1alpha, IL-6 and TNF -alpha, and in serum Fn levels can function as an indicator of sepsis and reticulo-endothelial function.(More)
Interleukin-12 (IL-12) is a heterodimeric cytokine composed of two disulfide-linked subunits (p40 and p35) encoded by separate genes. We used the apparent autocleavage property of a 2A peptide from the foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) to express bovine (Bo) IL-12 as a self-processing polypeptide (p402Ap35). We demonstrate that 2A will mediate the(More)