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The integrin alpha v beta 6 has been shown to be a fibronectin-binding protein. To determine whether the cytoplasmic and transmembrane domains of alpha v beta 6 are necessary for binding to fibronectin, a truncated, secreted form of the integrin lacking these domains was engineered and expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells. Fibronectin affinity(More)
Five products of the dynorphin gene--alpha-neo-endorphin, beta-neo-endorphin, dynorphin A, dynorphin A-(1-8), and dynorphin B--were measured in various regions of rat brain and in rat spinal cord and pituitary. Specific antisera were used, supplemented by gel permeation analysis and high performance liquid chromatography, confirming the presence of(More)
A rich plexus of dynorphin (DYN)-containing fibers and terminals is present throughout the substantia nigra-ventral tegmental area (SN-VTA). Lesion studies have indicated that these terminals originate, in part, from DYN-containing cell bodies in the caudate-putamen. We have utilized combined immunofluorescence and retrograde tracing techniques to confirm(More)
Cell-matrix interactions are assumed to be important in regulating differentiation and tumor cell growth; however, the precise roles of individual matrix receptors in producing cellular responses are still unclear. We have previously described the alpha v beta 6 integrin, an epithelial cell fibronectin receptor expressed in many carcinoma cell lines. Here(More)
Brain serotonin (5-HT) levels and accumulation rate within the dorsal raphe nucleus (DR) were elevated in ovariectomized (OVX) rats after ovarian steroid treatment, which consisted of estradiol benzoate (EB) followed by progesterone (P) 48 hr later. Some animals were also given the monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor pargyline at designated times 10-40 min(More)
The integrin alpha v beta 6 is expressed primarily in epithelial cells and mediates attachment to the extracellular matrix protein fibronectin. We recently observed that alpha v beta 6 localizes to focal contacts when cells that express the receptor are plated on fibronectin. To determine which regions of the beta 6 cytoplasmic domain are required for(More)
We have provided evidence for the existence of a biologically active opioid in toad (Bufo marinus) brain that is immunoreactive with antiserum raised against dynorphin (1-13). Compared with porcine dynorphin, this opioid is similar in apparent molecular weight on the basis of gel permeation chromatography and is more hydrophobic on the basis of(More)
Dynorphin-32 was recently isolated from porcine pituitary and shown to consist of dynorphin A (the originally isolated dynorphin heptadecapeptide) at the amino terminus, followed by Lys-Arg (a putative signal for proteolytic cleavage) and then a tridecapeptide, dynorphin B, at the carboxyl terminus. Dynorphin B, like dynorphin A, contains leucine(More)
The mouse neuroblastoma x rat glioma hybrid NG108-15 was previously shown to express delta opioid receptors. Because neuroblastoma cells display different phenotypes and cloned cell lines are heterogenous, we studied the characteristics and distribution of human 125I-beta-endorphin (125I-beta E) binding sites in cultures of NG108-15 cells with the use of(More)