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Integrins are transmembrane cell-adhesion molecules that carry signals from the outside to the inside of the cell and vice versa. Like other cell surface receptors, integrins signal in response to ligand binding; however, events within the cell can also regulate the affinity of integrins for ligands. This feature is important in physiological situations(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) can induce epithelial to mesenchymal transdifferentiation (EMT) in mammary epithelial cells. TGF-beta-mediated EMT involves the stimulation of a number of signaling pathways by the sequential binding of the type II and type I serine/threonine kinase receptors, respectively. Integrins comprise a family of(More)
Control of integrin activation is required for cell adhesion and ligand-induced signaling. Here we report that loss of the focal adhesion protein Kindlin-2 in mice results in peri-implantation lethality caused by severe detachment of the endoderm and epiblast from the basement membrane. We found that Kindlin-2-deficient cells were unable to activate their(More)
The beta subunit cytoplasmic domains of integrin adhesion receptors are necessary for the connection of these receptors to the actin cytoskeleton. The cytoplasmic protein, talin, binds to beta integrin cytoplasmic tails and actin filaments, hence forming an integrin-cytoskeletal linkage. We used recombinant structural mimics of beta(1)A, beta(1)D and(More)
CD98 is a cell surface heterodimer formed by the covalent linkage of CD98 heavy chain (CD98hc) with several different light chains to form amino acid transporters. CD98hc also binds specifically to the integrin beta(1A) cytoplasmic domain and regulates integrin function. In this study, we examined the relationship between the ability of CD98hc to stimulate(More)
CD98 is a type II transmembrane protein involved in neutral and basic amino acid transport and in cell fusion events. CD98 was implicated in the function of integrin adhesion receptors by its capacity to reverse suppression of integrin activation by isolated integrin beta(1A) domains. Here we report that CD98 associates with integrin beta cytoplasmic(More)
Thrombin-mediated activation of platelets is critical for hemostasis, but the signaling pathways responsible for this process are not completely understood. In addition, signaling within this cascade can also lead to thrombosis. In this study, we have defined a new signaling pathway for the thrombin receptor protease activated receptor-1 (PAR1) in human(More)
We have examined the effects of transforming growth factor-beta (TGFβ) signaling on mammary epithelial cell survival. Transgenic mice expressing an active mutant of Alk5 in the mammary gland (MMTV-Alk5T204D) exhibited reduced apoptosis in terminal endbuds and during postlactational involution. Transgene-expressing mammary cells contained lower Smad2/3 and(More)
The development of multicellular organisms requires integrin-mediated interactions between cells and their extracellular environment. Integrin binding to extracellular matrix catalyses assembly of multiprotein complexes, which transduce mechanical and chemical signals that regulate many aspects of cell physiology. Integrin-linked kinase (Ilk) is a(More)
Prostaglandin E2 (PGE(2)), a major product of cyclooxygenase, exerts its functions by binding to four G protein-coupled receptors (EP1-4) and has been implicated in modulating angiogenesis. The present study examined the role of the EP4 receptor in regulating endothelial cell proliferation, migration, and tubulogenesis. Primary pulmonary microvascular(More)