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Newborn screening is one of the most important public health initiatives to date, focusing on the identification of presymptomatic newborn infants with treatable conditions to reduce morbidity and mortality. The number of screening conditions continues to expand due to advances in screening technologies and the development of novel therapies. Consequently,(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the relationship between tobacco smoke exposure (reported versus biomarker) and rates of readmission for children hospitalized for asthma. METHODS We enrolled a prospective cohort of 774 children aged 1 to 16 years admitted for asthma or bronchodilator-responsive wheezing. The primary outcome was at least 1 asthma- or wheeze-related(More)
Lymphocytes have long been established to play an important role in the regulation of hematopoiesis and produce many cytokines that act on hematopoietic progenitor cells. Previous studies by our group have shown that normal, unstimulated lymphocytes produce a protein that inhibits normal bone marrow GM colony formation. Adiponectin is an adipokine that has(More)
Leydig cell function was examined in adult male rats at 2 and 4 weeks after bilateral or unilateral efferent duct ligation. Bilateral efferent duct ligation resulted in significantly elevated serum LH levels, an increased size of Leydig cells and an enhanced testosterone response to gonadotropin stimulation in vitro despite a marked loss of LH-hCG(More)
INTRODUCTION C-peptide and insulin measurements in blood provide useful information regarding endogenous insulin secretion. Conflicting evidence on sample stability and handling procedures continue to limit the widespread clinical use of these tests. We assessed the factors that altered the stability of insulin and C-peptide in blood. METHODS We(More)
BACKGROUND Spurious hyperkalaemia is a well-recognized problem when reporting potassium results in samples originating from Primary Care. This is particularly relevant in laboratories serving large geographical areas where sample transport can cause significant delays in sample centrifugation. We have carried out a retrospective audit comparing serum(More)
Cryptorchidism surgically induced in 14-day-old rats, was allowed to persist until 35 days when one group was killed to assess testicular function. In a second group the cryptorchid testis was returned to the scrotum surgically (orchidopexy) and subsequently killed at 130 days. A third group remained persistently cryptorchid to 130 days, while in a fourth(More)
BACKGROUND Spurious hyperkalaemia is a relatively common occurrence in samples originating from primary care. Failure to identify spurious hyperkalaemia carries a significant risk of patient mismanagement. We have carried out a retrospective evaluation to review the impact of the use of centrifuges in primary care for biochemistry blood samples on the(More)
BACKGROUND Neosaxitoxin (NeoSTX) is a site-1 sodium channel blocker that produces prolonged local anesthesia in animals and humans. Under a Food and Drug Administration-approved phase 1 Investigational New Drug trial, the authors evaluated safety and efficacy of NeoSTX alone and combined with 0.2% bupivacaine (Bup) with and without epinephrine. METHODS(More)