Roy R. Snelling

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The extraordinary abundance of ants in tropical rainforest canopies has led to speculation that numerous arboreal ant taxa feed principally as "herbivores" of plant and insect exudates. Based on nitrogen (N) isotope ratios of plants, known herbivores, arthropod predators, and ants from Amazonia and Borneo, we find that many arboreal ant species obtain(More)
The defensive chemistry of two species of ants from Brunei in the genus Crematogaster (Physocrema group) has been investigated. Ants in this group release a white secretion from hypertrophied metapleural glands on their thorax when they are disturbed. Previously, one species in this group has been shown to produce alkylphenols and alkylresorcinols. In the(More)
Disparities in liquid-feeding performances of major ant taxa have likely been important to resource partitioning among ants, to the nature and composition of ant partnerships with plants and sap-feeding trophobionts, and to ecological and evolutionary diversification of ant taxa. We measured performance volumetrically for individual workers of 77 ant(More)
Three alkaloids—two minor decahydroquinolines (DHQs) and a major quinolizidine—were detected in an extract of a Brazilian myrmicine ant (Solenopsis (Diplorhoptrum) sp. picea group). One DHQ (3) was identical to a known frog-skin alkaloid, cis-195A (cis-5-methyl-2-propyldecahydroquinoline), while the second DHQ, an isomer of 3, designated 195J, was assigned(More)
Neotropical poison frogs (Dendrobatidae) contain a wide variety of lipophilic alkaloids, apparently accumulated unchanged into skin glands from dietary sources. Panamanian poison frogs (Dendrobates auratus) raised in a large, screened, outdoor cage and provided for six months with leaf-litter from the frog's natural habitat, accumulated a variety of(More)
A comparative study of the exocrine chemistry of Messor bouvieri, M. barbarus, M. lusitanicus, M. marocanus, M. arenarius, M. ebeninus, M. rugosus, M. angularis, and M. cephalotes has been carried out. Anabasine and related nicotinoids were detected in all these species except for M. barbarus, M. lusitanicus, and M. rugosus. The alkenes from the Dufour’s(More)
Analysis of the extracts of the ant Myrmicaria melanogaster from Brunei in the Indonesian archipelago by GC-MS and GC-IR revealed the presence of five new alkaloids, identified as (9Z)-3-propylindolizidine (1), cis- and trans-2-butyl-5-propylpyrrolidine (2 and 3, respectively), (10E)-3-butyllehmizidine (7), and(More)
Ants were studied on Puerto Rico and 44 islands surrounding Puerto Rico. Habitat diversity was the best predictor of the number of species per island and the distributions of species followed a nested subset pattern. The number of extinctions per island was low, approximately 1–2 extinctions per island in a period of 18 years, and the rates of colonization(More)
A detailed comparative analysis of the exocrine chemistry of nine Bruneian Camponotus species in the cylindricus complex is reported. Workers of these species are known to have hypertrophied mandibular glands and release their glandular contents suicidally from the head by rupturing the inter- segmental membrane of the gaster. All of the species produce(More)
The cephalic extracts of the ant Anochetus kempfi were found to contain 2,5-dimethyl-3-isoamylpyrazine (1) and 3-methyl-4-phenylpyrrole (2). The structures of these compounds were established from their spectral data and by comparison with synthetic samples. This is the first report of a phenylpyrrole found in an insect and only the third report of a(More)