Roy P Radcliff

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Early lactation in dairy cattle is a period of severe negative energy balance (NEB) characterized by reduced blood glucose and insulin concentrations and elevated blood GH concentrations. The liver is refractory to GH during NEB and this uncoupling of the GH-IGF axis results in diminished plasma concentrations of IGF-I. Our objectives were to examine the(More)
Our objective was to determine if prepubertal rate of body weight (BW) gain, independent of diet, was related to mammary development of dairy heifers. Data from two studies recently conducted at Michigan State University were used to identify factors, within a dietary treatment group, that would account for variation in first lactation milk production or(More)
The presence of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) in non-ruminant wildlife has raised questions regarding the role of these species in Johne's disease transmission. In this study we tested 472 tissues from 212 animals of six different species of scavenging mammals. All animals were taken from within a 210-square-mile area in Dane and Iowa(More)
AVP and CRF are potent stimulators of pituitary ACTH secretion in cattle. Actions of AVP and CRF at the anterior pituitary are mediated by AVP receptor V3 (V3) and CRF receptor 1 (CRFR1). The primary objective of these studies was to determine the effect of systemic inflammatory stress on V3 and CRFR1 mRNAs in the bovine anterior pituitary. Holstein steers(More)
The purpose of this experiment was to determine the role of growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) and somatostatin (SRIH) neurons in mediating alpha(2)-adrenergic receptor-induced stimulation of growth hormone (GH) secretion in cattle. Our first objective was to determine if stimulation of alpha(2)-adrenergic receptors increases activity of GHRH neurons(More)
Secretion of growth hormone (GH) is synchronized among castrate male cattle (steers) around feeding when access to feed is restricted to a 2-hr period each day. Typically, concentrations of GH increase before and decrease after feeding. Our objectives were to determine whether i) concentrations of GH decrease in blood after start of feeding; ii) activity of(More)
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