Roy P. Planalp

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Curcumin is the active ingredient in the traditional herbal remedy and dietary spice turmeric (Curcuma longa). Curcumin has a surprisingly wide range of beneficial properties, including anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic activity. The pleiotropic activities of curcumin derive from its complex chemistry as well as its(More)
Curcumin is among the more successful chemopreventive compounds investigated in recent years, and is currently in human trials to prevent cancer. The mechanism of action of curcumin is complex and likely multifactorial. We have made the unexpected observation that curcumin strikingly modulates proteins of iron metabolism in cells and in tissues, suggesting(More)
Tachpyridine (N,N',N"-tris(2-pyridylmethyl)-cis,cis-1,3,5-triaminocyclohexane; tachpyr) is a potent hexadentate iron chelator under preclinical investigation as a potential anti-cancer agent. Tachpyridine induces apoptosis in cultured cancer cells by triggering a mitochondrial pathway of cell death that is p53-independent. To explore the relationship(More)
We have synthesized a novel six-coordinate metal chelator from the triamine cis-1,3,5-triaminocyclohexane by the addition of a 2-pyridylmethyl pendant arm on each nitrogen, which we term tachpyr. The experiments described here were designed to explore whether this compound exhibits potential antitumor activity. When added to MBT2 or T24 cultured bladder(More)
Iron is involved in essential biochemical reactions ranging from respiration to DNA synthesis. Consequently, iron deprivation has been proposed as a strategy for inhibition of tumor cell growth. We recently described a novel iron chelator, tachypyridine [N,N',N"-tris(2-pyridylmethyl)-cis,cis-1,3,5-triaminocyclohexane], and demonstrated that it not only(More)
 The interaction of Fe(II) and Fe(III) with the novel Fe(II) chelator N,N′N″-tris(2-pyridylmethyl)-cis,cis-1,3,5-triaminocyclohexane (referred to as tachpyr) gives rise to six-coordinate, low-spin, cationic complexes of Fe(II). Tachpyr also displays a cytotoxicity toward cultured bladder cancer cells that is believed to involve coordination of intracellular(More)
The fluorescence emission of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) covalently tagged with a 5-(dimethylamino)naphthalene-1-sulfonyl (dansyl) fluorophore and an iminodiacetic acid (IDA) chelator changes with temperature and with Cu(II) complexation. Increasing the temperature above the lower critical solution temperature (LCST) causes the polymer to collapse(More)
An approach to ratiometric fluorescence detection of quenching metal ions was devised by copolymerizing N-isopropylacrylamide with small percentages of bipyridine and amine monomers. The copolymer was divided into two portions. The amine group on one portion was functionalized with AlexaFluor555 (donor fluorophore) and the other with AlexaFluor647 (acceptor(More)
Iron chelators have traditionally been used in the treatment of iron overload. Recently, chelators have also been explored for their ability to limit oxidant damage in cardiovascular, neurologic, and inflammatory disease as well as to serve as anti-cancer agents. To determine the mechanism of cell death induced by iron chelators, we assessed the time course(More)
Iron is critical for cell growth and proliferation. Iron chelators are being explored for a number of clinical applications, including the treatment of neurodegenerative disorders, heart disease, and cancer. To uncover mechanisms of action of tachpyridine, a chelator currently undergoing preclinical evaluation as an anticancer agent, cell-cycle analysis was(More)