Roy Macarthur

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This paper describes a new and rapid method for accurate quantification of the six ergot alkaloids, ergometrine, ergotamine, ergosine, ergocristine, ergocryptine, and ergocornine, by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS-MS). The six ergot alkaloids studied have been defined by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) as among the most(More)
A survey of the levels of 3-monochloropropane-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) in a range of selected food products available in the UK is reported. The survey was carried out on behalf of the Food Standards Agency (FSA) to identify the food groups that might provide a significant contribution to 3-MCPD exposure from the diet. Three hundred samples comprising meat, dairy,(More)
The homogeneity of analytical samples and the stability of pesticides during the sample processing of oranges and tomatoes were evaluated. The mean concentrations of 14C-labeled chlorpyrifos in analytical portions (subsamples) after processing show that homogeneity is dependent on sample type as well as the processing procedure. The homogeneity of(More)
The results from a single laboratory that took part in a series of check-sample exercises for overall migration were used to calculate the measurement uncertainty for the overall migration methodology. The results span 10 years of proficiency testing and cover a range of plastic materials tested using a variety of time and temperature test conditions.(More)
Internal necrosis of carrot has been observed in UK carrots for at least 10 years, and has been anecdotally linked to virus infection. In the 2009 growing season some growers had up to 10% of yield with these symptoms. Traditional diagnostic methods are targeted towards specific pathogens. By using a metagenomic approach with high throughput sequencing(More)
BACKGROUND While the regulatory guidelines that describe the validation requirements for small molecules are very comprehensive, they are written primarily for xenobiotic drug molecules. However, the presence of endogenous analyte in control matrix presents an added analytical challenge that must be overcome if small-molecule biomarker assays are to be(More)
A study has been carried out to assess appropriate statistical models for use in evaluating retail sampling plans for the determination of mycotoxins in food. A compound gamma model was found to be a suitable fit. A simulation model based on the compound gamma model was used to produce operating characteristic curves for a range of parameters relevant to(More)
A rapid method for the screening of organophosphorus (OP) pesticides in fruit and vegetables is reported. Sample extracts were analysed using resistive heating-gas chromatography (RH-GC) with flame photometric detection (FPD). A CarboFrit insert in the GC liner allowed injection of crude extracts onto the GC system. Separation of up to 20 pesticides was(More)
In the United Kingdom, European badgers Meles meles are a protected species and an important wildlife reservoir of bovine tuberculosis. We conducted a survey of badger dens (main setts) in 1614 1 km squares across England and Wales, between November 2011 and March 2013. Using main setts as a proxy for badger social groups, the estimated mean density of(More)
BACKGROUND Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) can be instituted centrally, through the right atrium and ascending aorta, or peripherally, most commonly using the femoral artery and vein. We sought to investigate the impact of the mode of cannulation on the incidence of limb ischemia, perfusion and overall morbidity. METHODS A retrospective(More)