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ASH1 mRNA localizes to the bud tip in Saccharomyces cerevisiae to establish asymmetry of HO expression, important for mating type switching. To visualize real time localization of the mRNA in living yeast cells, green fluorescent protein (GFP) was fused to the RNA-binding protein MS2 to follow a reporter mRNA containing MS2-binding sites. Formation and(More)
Cell divisions that produce progeny differing in their patterns of gene expression are key to the development of multicellular organisms. In the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, mother cells but not daughter cells can switch mating type because they selectively express the HO endonuclease gene. This asymmetry is due to the preferential accumulation(More)
In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Ash1p is a specific repressor of transcription that localizes exclusively to daughter cell nuclei through the asymmetric localization of ASH1 mRNA. This localization requires four cis-acting localization elements located in the ASH1 mRNA, five trans-acting factors, one of which is a myosin, and the actin cytoskeleton. The(More)
The localization of ASH1 mRNA to the distal tip of budding yeast cells is essential for the proper regulation of mating type switching in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. A localization element that is predominantly in the 3'-untranslated region (UTR) can direct this mRNA to the bud. Using this element in the three-hybrid in vivo RNA-binding assay, we identified a(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa delivers the toxin ExoU to eukaryotic cells via a type III secretion system. Intoxication with ExoU is associated with lung injury, bacterial dissemination and sepsis in animal model and human infections. To search for ExoU targets in a genetically tractable system, we used controlled expression of the toxin in Saccharomyces(More)
The localization of mRNAs is used by various types of polarized cells to locally translate specific proteins, which restricts their distribution to a particular sub-region of the cytoplasm. This mechanism of protein sorting is involved in major biological processes such as asymmetric cell division, oogenesis, cellular motility, and synapse formation. With(More)
This work introduces the first use of fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) to detect the distribution of specific transcripts in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We have applied this technique to analysis of reporter transcripts from a single, integrated copy, or multicopy plasmids. We have evaluated the effect of splice site deletions or the presence or(More)
RNA localization is a widely utilized strategy employed by cells to spatially restrict protein function. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae asymmetric sorting of mRNA to the bud has been reported for at least 24 mRNAs. The mechanism by which the mRNAs are trafficked to the bud, illustrated by ASH1 mRNA, involves recognition of cis-acting localization elements(More)
Many mitochondrial proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and after translation in the cytoplasm are imported via translocases in the outer and inner membranes, the TOM and TIM complexes, respectively. Here, we report the characterization of the mitochondrial protein, Mmp37p (YGR046w) and demonstrate its involvement in the process of protein import into(More)
In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, ASH1 mRNA is localized to the tip of daughter cells during anaphase of the cell cycle. ASH1 mRNA localization is dependent on four cis-acting localization elements as well as Myo4p, She2p, and She3p. Myo4p, She2p, and She3p are hypothesized to form a heterotrimeric protein complex that directly transports ASH1 mRNA to daughter(More)