Roy M. Daniel

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We propose that life emerged from growing aggregates of iron sulphide bubbles containing alkaline and highly reduced hydrothermal solution. These bubbles were inflated hydrostatically at sulphidic submarine hot springs sited some distance from oceanic spreading centers four billion years ago. The membrane enclosing the bubbles was precipitated in response(More)
A new obligately anaerobic, extremely thermophilic, cellulolytic bacterium is described. The strain designated Tp8T 6331 is differentiated from thermophilic cellulolytic clostridia on the basis of physiological characteristics and phylogenetic position within the Bacillus/Clostridium subphylum of the Gram-positive bacteria. Strain Tp8T 6331 is assigned to a(More)
A new species of extremely thermophilic, glycolytic anaerobic bacterium, Fervidobacterium nodosum isolated from a New Zealand hot spring, is described. Fervidobacterium nodosum strains were Gram-negative, motile, non-sporulating obligately anaerobic rods that existed singly, in pairs or in chains. Electron micrographs of thin sections revealed a two-layered(More)
Now that enzymes are available that are stable above 100 degrees C it is possible to investigate conformational stability at this temperature, and also the effect of high-temperature degradative reactions in functioning enzymes and the inter-relationship between degradation and denaturation. The conformational stability of proteins depends upon stabilizing(More)
Endo-1,4-beta-xylanase (EC 3.2.1.8) was isolated from the culture supernatant of Thermotoga sp. strain FjSS3-B.1, an extremely thermophilic anaerobic eubacterium which grows optimally at 80 degrees C. Activity was purified 165-fold by anion-exchange and hydroxyapatite chromatography. The enzyme has an Mr of 31,000 as determined by SDS/PAGE and 35,000 by(More)
A beta-glucosidase (EC 3.2.1.21) was purified to homogeneity from cell-free extracts of an extremely thermophilic anaerobic bacterium. The enzyme has an Mr of 43,000 as determined by molecular-exclusion chromatography, has a pI of 4.55 and shows optimum activity at pH 6.2. The enzyme is active against a wide range of aryl beta-glycosides and beta-linked(More)
Glutamate dehydrogenase (L-glutamate:NADP+ oxidoreductase, deaminating and transaminating, EC 1.4.1.4) was purified to homogeneity from the extremely thermophilic archaebacterial isolate AN1 (a member of the Thermococcales). The enzyme comprised a large proportion of the soluble cell protein (11%) and was purified in high yield. The molecular mass of the(More)
A xylanase has been found in the archaeon Thermococcus zilligii strain AN1 (DSM 2770), which grows optimally at 75°C. The enzyme had a molecular mass of 95 kDa and a unique N-terminal sequence. It had activity against all five xylans tested and against xylose oligomers, but not against other carbohydrate polymers. The K m values found for xylans were(More)
Exo-1,4-beta-cellobiohydrolase (EC 3.2.1.91) was isolated from the culture supernatant of Thermotoga sp. strain FjSS3-B.1, an extremely thermophilic eubacterium that grows optimally at 80 degrees C. The enzyme was purified to homogeneity as determined by SDS/PAGE and has an Mr of 36,000. The enzyme is the most thermostable cellulase reported to date, with a(More)