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The P2X(7) receptor (P2X(7)R) is an ATP-gated ion channel expressed by monocytes and macrophages. To directly address the role of this receptor in interleukin (IL)-1 beta post-translational processing, we have generated a P2X(7)R-deficient mouse line. P2X(7)R(-/-) macrophages respond to lipopolysaccharide and produce levels of cyclooxygenase-2 and pro-IL-1(More)
The secretion of IL-1 from murine macrophages in vitro is an inefficient process that is distinct from those of other cytokines such as IL-6. We have therefore studied this process in vivo to see if these differences are maintained. Intraperitoneal injection of LPS in mice induced production and release of IL-6 into the extracellular fluid (peritoneal(More)
CP-195543 [(+)-2-(3-benzyl-4-hydroxy-chroman-7-yl)-4-trifluoromethyl-benzoic acid] is a structurally novel, selective and potent leukotriene B4 (LTB4) receptor antagonist. In vitro CP-195543 inhibited [3H]LTB4 binding to high-affinity LTB4 receptors on human neutrophils (HN) and murine spleen membranes with IC50 values of 6.8 nM (Ki = 4.9 nM) and 37.0 nM(More)
1. Employing rat femoral head cartilage implanted in a 6 day old mouse air pouch, the effects of inflammatory stimuli (i.e. cotton pellets, carrageenan, zymosan) on the loss of proteoglycan and collagen and granuloma formation have been studied. 2. Wrapping of the cartilage in cotton resulted in granuloma formation with accelerated loss of proteoglycan and(More)
Cathepsins have been implicated in the degradation of proteins destined for the MHC class II processing pathway and in the proteolytic removal of invariant chain (Ii), a critical regulator of MHC class II function. Mice lacking the lysosomal cysteine proteinase cathepsin S (catS) demonstrated a profound inhibition of Ii degradation in professional APC in(More)
Leukotriene B4 (LTB4) is a product of the 5-lipoxygenase pathway of arachidonic acid metabolism. LTB4 is a potent chemotactic factor for neutrophils and has been postulated to play an important role in a variety of pathological conditions including rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriasis, and inflammatory bowel disease. The role of LTB4 in such diseases has(More)
Arachidonic acid metabolism by 5-lipoxygenase leads to production of the potent inflammatory mediators, leukotriene (LT) B4 and the cysteinyl LT. Relative synthesis of these subclasses of LT, each with different proinflammatory properties, depends on the expression and subsequent activity of LTA4 hydrolase and LTC4 synthase, respectively. LTA4 hydrolase(More)
Intraperitoneal injection of inflammatory agents in the mouse and rat causes plasma protein and leukocyte extravasation into the peritoneal cavity. Following an intraperitoneal injection of zymosan A, the milky spots of the omentum were the only abdominal sites detected where intravenously administered Monastral Blue labeled interendothelial cell gaps(More)
1. The role of adrenal hormones in the regulation of the systemic and local production of tumour necrosis factor (TNF alpha) was examined in male Balb/c mice. 2. Intraperitoneal injection of 0.3 mg E. coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 0111:B4) led to high levels of circulating TNF alpha without stimulating TNF alpha production in the peritoneal cavity. Systemic(More)