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Adult human subcutaneous adipose tissue contains cells with intriguing multilineage developmental plasticity, much like marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells. Putative stem or progenitor cells from fat have been given many different names in the literature, reflecting an early and evolving consensus regarding their phenotypic characterization. The study(More)
Laminin promotes epithelial cell adhesion in part through a site of nine amino acids CDPGYIGSR on the B1 chain. Using smaller synthetic peptides from this sequence as well as various peptides with amino acid substitutions, we find that the minimum sequence necessary for efficient cell adhesion as well as receptor binding is YIGSR. The deletion of tyrosine(More)
During prostate cancer progression, invasive glandular epithelial cells move out of the ductal-acinar architecture and through the surrounding basement membrane. Extracellular matrix proteins and associated soluble factors in the basal lamina and underlying stroma are known to be important regulators of prostate cell behaviors in both normal and malignant(More)
Human subcutaneous fat-derived stem cells were recently shown to have the potential to differentiate in vitro into a variety of cell types, including adipocytes, osteoblasts, chondrocytes, and myoblasts (Zuk et al., Tissue Eng. 2001;7:211-228). Subcutaneous adipose tissue may therefore prove to be an easily acquired and abundant source of stem cells.(More)
Cranial sutures function as bone growth centers while themselves remaining unossified. Rat frontonasal sutures become obliterated by neonatal day 21 (N21), while coronal sutures do not fuse over the life of the animal. Coronal sutures induced to undergo osseous obliteration in vitro after removal of the dura mater were found to require soluble,(More)
The basement membrane protein, laminin I, has been used broadly as a planar two-dimensional film or in a three-dimensional form as a reconstituted basement membrane gel such as Matrigel to support cellular attachment, growth, and differentiation in vitro. In basement membranes in vivo, laminin exhibits a fibrillar morphology, highlighting the(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS Advances in bone repair have focused on the minimally-invasive delivery of tissue-engineered bone (TEB). A promising injectable biopolymer of chitosan and inorganic phosphates was seeded with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and a bone growth factor (BMP-2), and evaluated in a rat calvarial critical size defect (CSD). Green fluorescent(More)
Laminin, a basement membrane glycoprotein promotes both cell attachment and neurite outgrowth. Separate domains on laminin elicit these responses, suggesting that distinct receptors occur on the surface of cells. NG108-15 neuroblastoma-glioma cells rapidly extend long processes in the presence of laminin. We report here that 125I-labeled laminin(More)
A chemically defined serum-free medium, which supports the development of bones and fibrous tissues of rat calvaria from nonmineralized mesenchymal precursor tissues, was employed to investigate tissue interactions between the dura matter and overlying tissues. Fetal calvarial rudiments from stages prior to bone and suture morphogenesis (fetal days 19 and(More)