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Adult human subcutaneous adipose tissue contains cells with intriguing multilineage developmental plasticity, much like marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells. Putative stem or progenitor cells from fat have been given many different names in the literature, reflecting an early and evolving consensus regarding their phenotypic characterization. The study(More)
Laminin promotes epithelial cell adhesion in part through a site of nine amino acids CDPGYIGSR on the B1 chain. Using smaller synthetic peptides from this sequence as well as various peptides with amino acid substitutions, we find that the minimum sequence necessary for efficient cell adhesion as well as receptor binding is YIGSR. The deletion of tyrosine(More)
Human subcutaneous fat-derived stem cells were recently shown to have the potential to differentiate in vitro into a variety of cell types, including adipocytes, osteoblasts, chondrocytes, and myoblasts (Zuk et al., Tissue Eng. 2001;7:211-228). Subcutaneous adipose tissue may therefore prove to be an easily acquired and abundant source of stem cells.(More)
The calvarial bone microenvironment contains a unique progenitor niche that should be considered for therapeutic manipulation when designing regeneration strategies. Recently, our group demonstrated that cells isolated from the dura are multipotent and exhibit expansion potential and robust mineralization on biodegradable constructs in vitro. In this study,(More)
OBJECTIVE Resynostosis following surgical correction of craniosynostosis is a common clinical correlate. Recent studies suggest that the dura mater is necessary to maintain suture patency. It has also been hypothesized that dura mater from synostotic individuals may provide aberrant biochemical signals to the osteogenic fronts of the calvaria, which result(More)
Laminin, a large glycoprotein and major component of basement membranes, influences cell adhesion, migration, morphology, and differentiation. A peptide sequence, YIGSR, from the B1 chain of laminin has been found to correspond to an active site for cell adhesion. We report here that cardiac mesenchymal cells migrate vigorously within three-dimensional gels(More)
The basement membrane protein, laminin I, has been used broadly as a planar two-dimensional film or in a three-dimensional form as a reconstituted basement membrane gel such as Matrigel to support cellular attachment, growth, and differentiation in vitro. In basement membranes in vivo, laminin exhibits a fibrillar morphology, highlighting the(More)
BACKGROUND Surgical experience and anecdotal data on the most effective method of harvesting, preparing, and injecting autologous fat grafts are inconsistent and conflicting. Because the limitation of fat grafting is its resorption, understanding how various handling techniques affect adipocyte survival is crucial to optimizing its long-term survival. (More)
Because the glomerular basement membrane (GBM) is subject to damage in a multitude of renal diseases, a model of basement membrane permeability properties would be useful for learning more about this important barrier. Isolated, perfused tubular basement membrane (TBM) allows measurement of permeability, but it is not known whether TBM is similar enough to(More)