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Adult human subcutaneous adipose tissue contains cells with intriguing multilineage developmental plasticity, much like marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells. Putative stem or progenitor cells from fat have been given many different names in the literature, reflecting an early and evolving consensus regarding their phenotypic characterization. The study(More)
The calvarial bone microenvironment contains a unique progenitor niche that should be considered for therapeutic manipulation when designing regeneration strategies. Recently, our group demonstrated that cells isolated from the dura are multipotent and exhibit expansion potential and robust mineralization on biodegradable constructs in vitro. In this study,(More)
Human subcutaneous fat-derived stem cells were recently shown to have the potential to differentiate in vitro into a variety of cell types, including adipocytes, osteoblasts, chondrocytes, and myoblasts (Zuk et al., Tissue Eng. 2001;7:211-228). Subcutaneous adipose tissue may therefore prove to be an easily acquired and abundant source of stem cells.(More)
Cranial sutures function as bone growth centers while themselves remaining unossified. Rat frontonasal sutures become obliterated by neonatal day 21 (N21), while coronal sutures do not fuse over the life of the animal. Coronal sutures induced to undergo osseous obliteration in vitro after removal of the dura mater were found to require soluble,(More)
OBJECTIVE Resynostosis following surgical correction of craniosynostosis is a common clinical correlate. Recent studies suggest that the dura mater is necessary to maintain suture patency. It has also been hypothesized that dura mater from synostotic individuals may provide aberrant biochemical signals to the osteogenic fronts of the calvaria, which result(More)
A chemically defined serum-free medium, which supports the development of bones and fibrous tissues of rat calvaria from nonmineralized mesenchymal precursor tissues, was employed to investigate tissue interactions between the dura matter and overlying tissues. Fetal calvarial rudiments from stages prior to bone and suture morphogenesis (fetal days 19 and(More)
Cranial suture morphogenesis requires soluble, heparin-binding factors secreted by the dura mater to resist premature osseous obliteration. Elevated levels of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta 1, TGF-beta 2, and TGF-beta 3 have previously been noted in cranial sutures undergoing normal and premature sutural obliteration. To examine the role of TGF-beta(More)
Laminin promotes epithelial cell adhesion in part through a site of nine amino acids CDPGYIGSR on the B1 chain. Using smaller synthetic peptides from this sequence as well as various peptides with amino acid substitutions, we find that the minimum sequence necessary for efficient cell adhesion as well as receptor binding is YIGSR. The deletion of tyrosine(More)
During prostate cancer progression, invasive glandular epithelial cells move out of the ductal-acinar architecture and through the surrounding basement membrane. Extracellular matrix proteins and associated soluble factors in the basal lamina and underlying stroma are known to be important regulators of prostate cell behaviors in both normal and malignant(More)