Roy A Johanson

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OBJECTIVES Early lung cancer detection and treatment remain a challenge. The efficacy of surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization (SELDI) technology in lung cancer detection, has not been defined. This study identifies specific protein peak patterns in malignant lung tumors, and in pre-malignant airways epithelium showing neoplastic transformation. (More)
Ablation of the murine Slc5a3 gene results in severe myo-inositol (Ins) deficiency and congenital central apnea due to abnormal respiratory rhythmogenesis. The lethal knockout phenotype may be rescued by supplementing the maternal drinking water with 1% Ins. In order to test the hypothesis that Ins deficiency leads to inositide deficiencies, which are(More)
PEP-19 is a 6 kDa polypeptide that is highly expressed in select populations of neurons that sometimes demonstrate resistance to degeneration. These include the granule cells of the hippocampus and the Purkinje cells of the cerebellum. Its only identified activity to date is that of binding apo-calmodulin. As a consequence, it has been demonstrated to act(More)
Members of the papain family of cysteine proteases (cathepsins) mediate late stage processing of MHC class II-bound invariant chain (Ii), enabling dissociation of Ii, and binding of antigenic peptide to class II molecules. Recognition of cell surface class II/Ag complexes by CD4(+) T cells then leads to T cell activation. Herein, we demonstrate that a(More)
Two leading hypotheses to explain lithium action in bipolar disorder propose either inositol depletion or inhibition of GSK-3 as mechanisms of action. Behavioral effects of lithium are mimicked in Gsk-3beta+/- mice, but the contribution of inositol depletion to these behaviors has not been tested. According to the inositol depletion hypothesis,(More)
Oxalacetate and glyoxylate are each weak inhibitors of NADP+-specific isocitrate dehydrogenase (threo-DS-isocitrate:NADP+ oxidoreductase (decarboxylating), EC Together, however, they act in a concerted manner and strongly inhibit the enzyme. The rates of formation and dissociation of the enzyme inhibitor complex, and the rate of formation and the(More)
The myo-inositol transport system in confluent fetal-bovine aortic endothelial cells was characterized after 7-10 days in subculture, at which time the myo-inositol levels and rates of myo-[2-3H]-inositol uptake and incorporation into phospholipid had reached steady state. Kinetic analysis indicated that the uptake occurred by both a high-affinity transport(More)