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Germline transformation of Drosophila melanogaster was attempted with the piggyBac gene-transfer system from the cabbage looper moth, Trichoplusia ni. Using a self-regulated transposase helper and a white marked vector, a transformation frequency of 1-3% per fertile G0 was obtained, similar to that previously achieved in the medfly. Use of an(More)
A previously reported piggyBac minimal sequence cartridge, which is capable of efficient transposition in embryo interplasmid transposition assays, failed to produce transformants at a significant frequency in Drosophila melanogaster compared with full-length or less extensive internal deletion constructs. We have re-examined the importance of these(More)
Germ-line transformation was achieved in the Caribbean fruit fly, Anastrepha suspensa, using a piggyBac vector marked with an enhanced green fluorescent protein gene regulated by the Drosophila melanogaster polyubiquitin promoter. Four transgenic G(0) lines were selected exhibiting unambiguous GFP expression. Southern hybridization indicated the presence of(More)
Genetic transformation of most insect systems requires dominant-acting markers that do not depend on reverting a mutant phenotype in a host strain, andfor this purpose GFP has proven to be useful in several insect orders. However, detection of multiple transgenes and reporters for gene expression requires the development of new visible markers that can be(More)
OBJECTIVE To perform a randomized, double-blind, crossover clinical trial of diclofenac + misoprostol versus acetaminophen in ambulatory patients with osteoarthritis of the hip or knee. METHODS Patients in 12 ambulatory care settings were eligible if they were age >40 years and if they had Kellgren/Lawrence radiographic grade 2-4 osteoarthritis of the(More)
A central issue in controlled delivery of therapeutics from biodegradable microspheres is the immediate burst of drug release upon injection. This burst is often observed with microsphere systems made by the double emulsion (w/o/w) technique, and may be prevented by improving the drug distribution throughout the polymer matrix. To this end, protein and(More)
Purpose. The purpose of this work was to evaluate spray-freeze drying and spray drying processes for encapsulation of darbepoetin alfa (NESP, Aranesp®). Methods. Darbepoetin alfa was encapsulated in poly(lactide-co-glycolide) by spray-freeze drying and by spray drying. Integrity was evaluated by size-exclusion chromatography and Western blot. Physical(More)
As the fat body is a critical tissue for mosquito development, metamorphosis, immune and reproductive system function, the characterization of regulatory modules targeting gene expression to the female mosquito fat body at distinct life stages is much needed for multiple, varied strategies for controlling vector-borne diseases such as dengue and malaria.(More)
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