Roy A Halliday

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We measured performance and event-related brain potential (ERP) map latencies in 12 subjects during four visual discrimination tasks to compare the timing of scopolamine effects on information processing and attention. "Topographic component recognition" found ERP map latencies at times of best fit with a component model map. This "common topography"(More)
Twelve subjects were tested with D-amphetamine, yohimbine, clonidine, and a placebo on a task with two levels of stimulus and two levels of response complexity. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that noradrenergic drugs affect early stimulus processes. D-amphetamine speeded reaction time (RT), clonidine slowed it, and yohimbine had no(More)
Several studies have shown that d-amphetamine (DAMP) speeds mean reaction time (RT). However, the use of mean RT may obscure important aspects of the drug response. Therefore we applied the Poisson-Erlang (PE) stochastic model of choice reaction time proposed by Pieters (1985) to the RT distribution. This model proposes that the RT distribution is generated(More)
The latency of the visual evoked potential N1 component evoked by nontarget stimuli increases with an increased attention to nontarget stimuli. The latency increase seems related to a general effort at processing, rather than any early filtering. This phenomenon is illustrated in one study of hyperactive children and another of normal young adults. The(More)
In humans, close relationships are found between cholinergic activity and constraints placed on information processing operations. This is true for all operations where the effects of cholinergic activity have been studied. Studies of vigilance, memory, problem solving, stimulus processing and response processing are cited as illustrations. These studies(More)
The effects of stimulant drug on information processing in elderly adults was studied. In Experiment 1, the effect of methylphenidate (MP) was examined in 8 young and 8 elderly women using a task (SERS) in which stimulus and response complexities were varied. MP speeded processing in the young but not in the elderly women. A second experiment was then(More)
Visual event related potentials (ERP) were recorded from 21 hyperactive children aged 7-13 years under two attention conditions at 4 levels of methylphenidate dose (placebo, low, medium and high). ERP measures were very sensitive to age (under or over 10 years) and attention condition, but less sensitive to drug dose. There appeared to be two classes of(More)
Human performance on a choice-reaction time task (Eriksen task) has been simulated by a neural network. In simulations, the network captures many features of normal performance. In addition, changing gain in different layers produces changes that simulate different drug-induced changes. Data from a similar choice-reaction time task have been reanalyzed to(More)
A simple technique for generating averaged evoked potentials to auditory signals that appear to move in space is described. Shifts in the apparent location of the signal were created by digitally delaying the output of a white noise generator with a minicomputer. The two channels were reconverted to two analog signals and presented binaurally through(More)