Roxanne Y. Walder

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Familial hypomagnesemia with secondary hypocalcemia (OMIM 602014) is an autosomal recessive disease that results in electrolyte abnormalities shortly after birth. Affected individuals show severe hypomagnesemia and hypocalcemia, which lead to seizures and tetany. The disorder has been thought to be caused by a defect in the intestinal absorption of(More)
The acid sensing ion channel 3 (ASIC3) is critical for the development of secondary hyperalgesia as measured by mechanical stimulation of the paw following muscle insult. We designed experiments to test whether ASIC3 was necessary for the development of both primary and secondary mechanical hyperalgesia that develops after joint inflammation. We used ASIC3(More)
UNLABELLED Acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) respond to acidosis that normally occurs after inflammation. We examined the expression of ASIC1, ASIC2, and ASIC3 mRNAs in lumbar dorsal root ganglion neurons before and 24 hours after carrageenan-induced muscle inflammation. Muscle inflammation causes bilateral increases of ASIC2 and ASIC3 but not ASIC1(More)
Familial hypomagnesemia with secondary hypocalcemia (HSH) (MIM 307600) was studied in three inbred Bedouin kindreds from Israel. The three kindreds, one extended and two nuclear families, contained 13 affected individuals, 11 males and two females. Assuming that the individuals affected with hypomagnesemia shared a chromosomal region inherited from a common(More)
The mechanism of hybrid-arrested translation by antisense oligodeoxynucleotides has been investigated with the rabbit reticulocyte lysate system. The oligonucleotides studied were directed against different regions of mouse alpha- or beta-globin mRNAs. Freshly prepared reticulocyte lysates were found to contain 1-2% of the level of RNase H in nucleated(More)
Recently we have shown that the major isoform of RNase H in human cells, RNase H1, is able to cleave DNA substrates containing a single RNA-DNA base pair, an activity which appears to be involved in an excision repair system for the removal of ribose residues misincorporated into DNA. In the present work we have further characterized the substrate(More)
The syndrome of hypomagnesemia with secondary hypocalcemia is caused by defective TRPM6. This protein is an ion channel that also contains a kinase in its C-terminus. It is usually diagnosed in childhood and, without treatment with supplemental Mg, affected children suffer from mental retardation, seizures and retarded development. We developed a mouse(More)
Bartter syndrome (BS) is a family of disorders manifested by hypokalemic hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis with normotensive hyperreninemic hyperaldosteronism. We evaluated a unique, inbred Bedouin kindred in which sensorineural deafness (SND) cosegregates with an infantile variant of the BS phenotype. Using a DNA-pooling strategy, we screened the human(More)
Granulomas are chronic, usually focal, tissue-destructive inflammatory reactions that usually form around slowly degradable, poorly soluble substances. They are dynamic lesions, regulated by complex immune mechanisms. Tachykinins are a family of neuropeptides characterized by the common C-terminal amino acid sequence -Phe-X-Gly-Leu-Met-NH2. One such(More)
BACKGROUND Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory disease marked by intra-articular decreases in pH, aberrant hyaluronan regulation and destruction of bone and cartilage. Acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) are the primary acid sensors in the nervous system, particularly in sensory neurons and are important in nociception. ASIC3 was recently discovered in(More)