Roxanne M. Andrews

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OBJECTIVE To describe the extent to which hospitalizations for patients with diabetes reflect multiple stays by the same individuals and to examine how multiple hospitalizations vary by patient demographic and socioeconomic characteristics. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Using the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project complete discharge data for five(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide an overview of inpatient operating room (OR) procedures in the United States. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project 2007 Nationwide Inpatient Sample discharge data from a sample of US short-term, acute-care, nonfederal hospitals. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES National volume of OR procedures overall and by(More)
Highlights „ In 2006, the national hospital bill totaled nearly $950 billion for 39 million hospital stays. „ One-fifth of the national hospital bill was for treatment of five conditions: coronary artery disease, mother's pregnancy and delivery, newborn infants, acute myocardial infarction (AMI), and congestive heart failure (CHF). Hospital stays for(More)
Acknowledgments This Decision Guide is intended for use by community quality collaboratives interested in evaluating quality and resource use measures. The guide presents answers to 26 questions, identified in collaboration with representatives from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Chartered Value Exchanges. to develop Selecting Quality(More)
Highlights „ In 2003, racial and ethnic disparities existed in the rates of preventable hospitalizations, with blacks generally having the highest rates and Hispanics the second highest rates. „ The disparities were greatest for hospitalizations for chronic conditions such as diabetes, hypertension, and asthma. Compared with non-Hispanic whites, rates of(More)
Highlights „ In 2005, there were an estimated 892,300 hospitalizations for cerebrovascular disease, totaling $8.5 billion in hospital cost. „ More than half of admissions for cerebrovascular disease resulted from acute stroke, including 46.2 percent for ischemic stroke and 12.8 percent for hemorrhagic stroke, while more than one-third were the result of(More)
The symptomatology of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) involves sympathetic hyperarousal. Several of these sympathetic symptoms are mediated through end-organ beta2-adrenergic receptors (beta2AR). Increased sympathetic activity in PTSD could therefore be due to increased betaAR function. This study investigated betaAR function in 30 healthy controls(More)