Roxanne L. Marino

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The first special volume of Limnology and Oceanography, published in 1972, focused on whether phosphorus (P) or carbon (C) is the major agent causing eutrophication in aquatic ecosystems. Only slight mention was made that estuaries may behave differently from lakes and that nitrogen (N) may cause eutrophication in estuaries. In the following decade, an(More)
Eutrophication is arguably the biggest pollution problem facing estuaries globally, with extensive consequences including anoxic and hypoxic waters, reduced fishery harvests, toxic algal blooms, and loss of biotic diversity. However, estuaries vary greatly in their susceptibility to eutrophication. The Hudson River estuary receives very high levels of(More)
Based on noninvasive eddy correlation measurements at a marine and a freshwater site, this study documents the control that current flow and light have on sediment–water oxygen fluxes in permeable sediments. The marine sediment was exposed to tidal-driven current and light, and the oxygen flux varied from night to day between 229 and 78 mmol m22 d21. A(More)
We measured the uptake rate of molybdatc and related kinetic parameters for nine taxa of cyanobacteria and for the natural phytoplankton communities of six freshwater lakes containing planktonic Nz-fixing cyanobacteria. Molybdate uptake followed saturation kinetics and was competitively inhibited by both tungstate and sulfate. Tungstate inhibited molybdate(More)
Many types of ecosystems have little or no N2 fixation even when nitrogen (N) is strongly limiting to primary production. Estuaries generally fit this pattern. In contrast to lakes, where blooms of N2-fixing cyanobacteria are often sufficient to alleviate N deficits relative to phosphorus (P) availability, planktonic N2 fixation is unimportant in most(More)
Heterocystous, planktonic cyanobacteria capable of fixing atmospheric N2 into available nitrogen (N) are common and critically important to nutrient cycling in many lakes, yet they are rarely observed in estuaries at salinities >10 ppt, even when strongly N limited. In a series of mesocosm experiments using water from Narragansett Bay (Rhode Island), we(More)
Blooms of nitrogen (N)-fixing cyanobacteria are common in freshwater lakes of moderate to high productivity. In contrast, blooms of N-fixing cyanobacteria are largely absent from the water columns of N-limited estuaries. In a companion study, we reported that the abundance and N-fixation rates of planktonic filamentous heterocystous cyanobacteria are(More)
The trace element molybdenum is a central component of several enzymes essential to bacterial nitrogen metabolism, including nitrogen fixation. Despite reasonably high dissolved concentrations (for a trace metal) of molybdenum in seawater, evidence suggests that its biological reactivity and availability are lower in seawater than in freshwater. We have(More)
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