Roxann Ashworth

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There are currently 13 diseases known to be caused by unstable triplet repeat mutations; however, there are some instances (as with FRAXF and FRA16) when these mutations appear to be asymptomatic. In a search for polymorphic CTG repeats as candidate genes for bipolar disorder, we screened a genomic human chromosome 18-specific library and identified a 1.6(More)
Although highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection can reduce levels of HIV-1 RNA in plasma to below the limit of detection, replication-competent forms of the virus persist in all infected individuals. One form of persistence involves a stable reservoir of latent but potentially infectious virus(More)
Dentatorubral pallidoluysian atrophy (DRPLA, Smith's disease) is one of five disorders currently known to result from expansion of a CAG trinucleotide repeat encoding glutamine. The reported full length cDNA sequence encodes a serine repeat and a region of alternating acidic and basic amino acids, as well as the glutamine repeat. We now report the nucleic(More)
Primary cilia are involved in important developmental and disease pathways, such as the regulation of neurogenesis and tumorigenesis. They function as sensory antennae and are essential in the regulation of key extracellular signalling systems. We have investigated the effects of cell stress on primary cilia. Exposure of mammalian cells in vitro, and(More)
We have recently identified a protein we called synphilin-1, which interacts in vivo with alpha-synuclein. Mutations in alpha-synuclein cause familial Parkinson's disease (PD). Alpha-synuclein protein is present in the pathologic lesions of familial and sporadic PD, and diffuse Lewy body disease, indicating an important pathogenic role for alpha-synuclein.(More)
BACKGROUND Asthma is a complex disease characterized by striking ethnic disparities not explained entirely by environmental, social, cultural, or economic factors. Of the limited genetic studies performed on populations of African descent, notable differences in susceptibility allele frequencies have been observed. OBJECTIVES We sought to test the(More)
Primary cilia play key roles in development, cell signalling and cancer, and are involved in signal transduction pathways such as Hh and Wnt signalling. The adrenal cortex produces steroid hormones essential for controlling homeostasis and mediating the stress response. Signalling pathways involved in the process of its development and differentiation are(More)
Experimental evidence implicates oxidative free radical reactions as central in the processes of neurodegenerative diseases. In particular, cellular interactions with the beta-amyloid protein have been linked to neuron cell death in Alzheimer's disease. Also, uncharacterized dimeric purine moieties have been detected in oxidized DNAs. It has been suggested(More)
Huntington's Disease (HD) is an inherited progressive neurodegenerative disorder associated with a mutation in a gene expressed in both affected and non-affected tissues. The selective neuropathology in HD is thought to be mediated in part through interactions with other proteins including the Huntington Associated Protein, HAP-1, which is predominantly(More)
The two most consistent features of the diseases caused by trinucleotide repeat expansion-neuropsychiatric symptoms and the phenomenon of genetic anticipation-may be present in forms of dementia, hereditary ataxia, Parkinsonism, bipolar affective disorder, schizophrenia and autism. To identify candidate genes for these disorders, we have screened human(More)