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IgG monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) consist of two Fab fragments and one Fc fragment. The Fab fragments contain the variable regions and are responsible for drug specificity (via antigen binding); the Fc fragment contains constant regions and is responsible for effector functions (via interactions with Fcγ receptors) and extended serum half-life (via(More)
We report the preparation and the immunogenicity of a conjugate vaccine obtained by chemically conjugating a variant of the extracellular peptide fragment of influenza type A M2 protein to the human papillomavirus (HPV) viruslike particle (VLP). Conjugates comprised of approximately 4,000 copies of the antigenic peptide per VLP are obtained as the result of(More)
Temperature-induced unfolding of three humanized IgG1 monoclonal antibodies and their Fab and Fc fragments was monitored by differential scanning calorimetry at neutral pH. With some exceptions, the thermogram of the intact antibody presents two peaks and the transition with the larger experimental enthalpy contains the contribution from the Fab fragments.(More)
A universal influenza virus vaccine that does not require frequent updates and/or annual immunizations will offer significant advantages over current seasonal flu vaccines. The highly conserved influenza virus A M2 membrane protein has been previously suggested as a potential antigen target for such a vaccine. Here, we report systematic evaluation of M2(More)
Despite technological advances, detection of deamidation in large proteins remains a challenge and the use of orthogonal methods is needed for unequivocal assignment. By a combination of cation-exchange separation, papain digestion, and a panel of mass spectrometry techniques we identified asparagine deamidation in light chain complementarity determining(More)
The effects of secondary structure on asparagine (N) deamidation in a 22 amino acid sequence (369-GFYPSDIAVEWESNGQPENNYK-390) of the crystallizable (Fc) fragment of a human monoclonal antibody (Fc IgG1) were investigated using high-resolution ultra performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC/MS). Samples containing either the(More)
The development of protein subunit vaccines to combat some of the world's deadliest pathogens such as a malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum, is stalled, due in part to the inability to induce and sustain high-titer antibody responses. Here, we show the induction of persistent, high-titer antibody responses to recombinant Pfs25H, a human malarial(More)
Chromatographic separation plays a key role in the identification, quantification, and characterization of protein variants. Here we describe separation of species containing two post-translational modifications (glycosylation and methionine oxidation) in the Fc fragment of a monoclonal antibody. The method is based on cation-exchange chromatography under(More)
Conventional influenza vaccines can prevent infection, but their efficacy depends on the degree of antigenic "match" between the strains used for vaccine preparation and those circulating in the population. A universal influenza vaccine based on invariant regions of the virus, able to provide broadly cross-reactive protection, without requiring continuous(More)